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Linear Technology Blogs – By Engineers, For Engineers

LTspice: Worst-Case Circuit Analysis with Minimal Simulations Runs

Joseph Spencer - Field Applications Engineer
Gabino Alonso - Strategic Marketing Engineer
Jun 8th 2017
When designing a circuit in LTspice, you may wish to assess the impact of component tolerances. For example, the gain error introduced by non-ideal resistors in an op amp circuit. This article illustrates a method that reduces the number of simulations needed, and as a result speeds your time to results. Varying a Parameter LTSpice ...

Blog Post LTspice 

 

Low Frequency Noise Analysis for Sensor Signal Chains

Noe Quintero - Application Engineer Jun 7th 2017
Introduction High-resolution, low frequency measurements are easy to implement and perform. All that is needed is an in-depth understanding of everything in the signal chain and a consideration of every aspect of every component. In all seriousness, some considerations are needed in order to get the maximum system performance ...

Blog Post 

 

LTspice: Modeling Constant Power Loads

Gabino Alonso - Strategic Marketing Engineer Jun 4th 2017
There are several types of constant loads used in simulating a power supply system: constant resistance, constant current and constant power loads. For instance, a constant current load dynamically adjusts its resistance as the load voltage varies, such that the load current remains constant, I = V/R. Constant resistance and ...

Blog Post LTspice 

 

A BPSK Modulator for 2GHz to 12GHz

Bruce Hemp - Applications Section Leader
Weston Sapia - RF Applications Engineer
May 30th 2017
Binary phase-shift keying (BPSK), also known as bi-phase modulation, is a simple, popular digital modulation scheme. The symbol constellations are as far apart as possible, which is desirable for weak signal work. BPSK is also popular for its relatively simple spectrum-spreading capability. Thus BPSK finds applications in weak ...

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Low EMI Power Solutions and Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Standards

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer May 30th 2017
Low EMI Solutions and ElectromagneticCompatibility (EMC) Standards Many Linear Technology Power Products are compliant to a specific electromagnetic compatibility standard. The most commonly referenced standards are EN 55022, CISPR 22 Class B, FCC Part 15 Class B, and CISPR 25. When testing a power solution, there ...

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Lower Power Op Amp: Low Noise Reference, Utility Sine Wave

Catherine Chang - Applications Engineer
Philip Karantzalis - Senior Apps Eng
Aaron Schultz - Applications Manager Signal Conditioning
May 22nd 2017
Design Note DN1042: Introduction Our op amp family has expanded with industryleading speed versus supply current. The LTC®6258/ LTC6259/LTC6260 family (single, dual, quad) provides 1.3MHz at a super low 20μA supply current, with 400μV maximum offset voltage and rail-to-rail input and output. In combination with a ...

Blog Post 

 

Lower Power Op Amp: Utility Sine Wave

Aaron Schultz - Applications Manager Signal Conditioning
Philip Karantzalis - Senior Apps Eng
Catherine Chang - Applications Engineer
May 22nd 2017
Design Note DN564: Introduction Our op amp family has expanded with industryleading speed versus supply current. The LTC®6258/ LTC6259/LTC6260 family (single, dual, quad) provides 1.3MHz at a super low 20μA supply current, with 400μV maximum offset voltage and rail-to-rail input and output. In combination with a 1.8V ...

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Low Power Op Amp: Low Power Filter, Headphone Driver Revisited

Aaron Schultz - Applications Manager Signal Conditioning May 18th 2017
Design Note DN563: Introduction A new family of op amps features industry leading speed versus supply current. The LTC6261/LTC6262/ LTC6263 family (single, dual, quad) provides 30MHz at a low 240μA supply current, with 400μV maximum offset voltage and rail-to-rail input and output. In combination with 1.8V to 5.25V supply, ...

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LTspice: Simple Idealized Diode

Gabino Alonso - Strategic Marketing Engineer May 2nd 2017
LTspice semiconductor diode models are essential for simulations, especially when you want to see results that include breakdown behavior and recombination current. However, as complete as the semiconductor diode model is in LTspice, there are times when you need a simple “idealized diode” model to quickly simulate, ...

Blog Post LTspice 

 

No-Opto Flyback DC/DC Converters & Snubber Protection Circuits

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
George Qian - Senior Applications Engineer
May 2nd 2017
Flyback Solutions The flyback DC/DC converter topology is one of several topologies that allow the input voltage to be above or below the output voltage. The SEPIC and buck-boost topologies also allow this, but there are times when a flyback is the more desirable solution: namely when isolation is required (for noise immunity ...

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Wireless Current Sense Circuit Floats with Sense Resistor

Kris Lokere - Strategic Applications Manager Apr 25th 2017
Introduction Measuring the current that flows through a sense resistor seems easy. Amplify the voltage, read it with an ADC, and now you know what the current is. But it gets more difficult if the sense resistor itself sits at a voltage that is very different from system ground. Typical solutions bridge that voltage difference ...

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LTspice Models of ISO 7637-2 & ISO 16750-2 Transients

Dan Eddleman - Senior Applications Engineer Apr 5th 2017
Introduction Simulating the ISO 7637-2 and ISO 16750-2 transients early in the design phase of an automotive product can pinpoint issues that would otherwise come to light during electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) testing. If a product fails EMC testing, hardware modifications are required, project schedules suffer, and extra ...

Blog Post LTspice 

 

60V Low IQ, Dual Output Synchronous Step-Down Controller with Adjustable Gate Drive

Victor Khasiev - Applications Engineer Mar 31st 2017
Design Note 562: Introduction The LTC®3892 is a dual output synchronous buck controller featuring a wide input voltage range of 4.5V to 60V and an output voltage of 0.8V to 99% of VIN. The combination of the LTC3892’s built-in FET drivers and external FETs yield high efficiency and high power capability, up to 97% ...

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Linduino Change Log 06/01/2017

Malavika Sajikumar - Firmware Engineer Mar 31st 2017
We regularly update our Linduino Sketchbook with new products, new files and updates. Please download the library, or rerun your automated installers for an automatic update. 1.2.1. June 1, 2017 New Libraries/ Demo Programs:LTC6811 (DC2259)LTC681x : LTC681x and bms_hardware library files to support LTC681x family. Library ...

Blog Post Linduino 

 

LT8310/LT1431 92W Isolated Forward Converter with Opto Feedback; VIN = 48V, VOUT = 54V@1.7A

George Qian - Senior Applications Engineer Mar 29th 2017
The LT8310 is a constant-frequency resonant reset forward converter controller with a low side N-channel MOSFET gate driver. The LT8310 has a wide input voltage range from 6V to 100V. Its switching frequency can be programed from 100kHz to 500kHz to optimize efficiency, performance or external component size. The LT8310’s ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

Using Custom Thermistors with the Temp-to-Bits Family

Logan Cummings - Sr. Applications Engineer Mar 29th 2017
The LTC2983, LTC2984, LTC2986 and LTC2986-1 Temp-to-Bits converters allow the use of custom sensors in addition to built-in standard types. This post focuses on custom thermistors and two ways of configuring the converter. Thermistors are resistive temperature sensors based on semiconductor materials. They are available in ...

Blog Post 

 

Low Noise Power Supplies Come in Many Flavors: Part 1 - Linear Regulators

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer Mar 23rd 2017
(In this three part series, we look at low noise portable power supplies using different topologies. Using a low noise linear regulator is a no-brainer for many of these applications, but in applications where a linear regulator may not be desired (due to efficiency, power dissipation or other constraints), low noise solutions ...

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Low Noise Power Supplies Come in Many Flavors: Part 3 - Buck Converters

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Tim Sourdif - Senior Design Engineer
Mar 23rd 2017
In Part 1 of the series, we looked at linear regulators for lowest output noise performance. In Part 2, charge pump solutions with integrated post linear regulators we highlighted. In these previous examples, circuit efficiency was a lower priority. But what if low output voltage noise and high efficiency are both desired? ...

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Low Noise Power Supplies Come in Many Flavors: Part 2 - Charge Pump Solutions

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Amit Lele - Senior Design Engineer
Mar 23rd 2017
Charge pump solutions are often thought to be too noisy for low noise applications. Engineers associate charge pump power supplies with peak-to-peak noise levels in the 20mV to 200mV range. Linear Technology's latest family of regulated charge pump plus linear regulator power supply solutions are inductorless, small size, low ...

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Extending the Resolution of the LTC2758

Noe Quintero - Application Engineer Mar 21st 2017
Introduction One of my favorite DACs is the LTC2758. It has excellent temperature stability and, when paired with a stable reference such as the LM399 or the LTZ1000, is an excellent choice for instrumentation applications. In this post I will present two methods for increasing the resolution of the LTC2758. The Search for ...

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Improving Linearity by Using Absorptive Filters

Clarence Mayott - Applications Engineer Mar 10th 2017
Introduction: When driving a direct sampling high speed ADC, the most likely place to degrade the performance is the interface between the final amplifier and the ADC. With any direct sampling ADC there will be nonlinear charge produced in the sampling process. This charge is reflected into the input network each time the sampling ...

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Uncompromised Linearity from the LTC2185 and ADA4927-1

Clarence Mayott - Applications Engineer Mar 10th 2017
Introduction The LTC2185 is a 125Msps 16-bit ADC with excellent noise and linearity performance while only consuming 185mW per channel. It is ideal for demanding low power applications that require excellent AC performance. A high performance ADC like the LTC2185 requires a high performance amplifier driving it to maintain ...

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High Voltage, High Efficiency Positive to Negative Converter

Victor Khasiev - Applications Engineer Mar 8th 2017
Design Note 561: Introduction Positive to negative conversion (inverting output) is widely used in LCD devices, OLED displays, audio amplifiers, industrial machinery, semiconductor manufacturing process control equipment, measurement tools, testing systems, LED drivers and battery chargers. Many of these applications require ...

Blog Post 

 

SmartMesh Recipes: Industrial IoT "How-To" Examples

Mar 2nd 2017
SmartMesh Recipes are quick "how-to" tutorials for wireless Industrial Internet of Things solutions based on SmartMesh IP embedded wireless sensor networking. Recipe examples include: Sensor Integration - K-Type Thermocouple, Sensirion Temperature/Humidty Sensor, Bluetooth Low-Energy (BLE) Building a SmartMesh-to-IP ...

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SmartMesh Recipe - Interfacing Your Mote to a Thermocouple

Mar 1st 2017
SmartMesh Recipes are quick "how-to" tutorials for wireless Industrial Internet of Things solutions based on SmartMesh IP. Examples include how to integrate different sensors, connect to cloud software backends, build gateways. In this SmartMesh Recipe, we use the DC9005B Eterna QuikEval Adapter to connect the mote to an LTC2984 ...

Blog Post 

 

Using the LTC6820 with the LTC24XX Delta Sigma Family

Noe Quintero - Application Engineer Feb 8th 2017
Introduction The LTC6820 isoSPI isolated communication interface is typically used in automotive applications. One of the more popular applications is to isolate the battery monitor circuits. However, it can be a desirable solution for medical applications where isolation is necessary. Another advantage for the LTC6820 is to ...

Blog Post Linduino 

 

Maximizing Cell Monitoring Accuracy and Data Integrity in Energy Storage Battery Management Systems

Mike Kultgen - Design Director
Greg Zimmer - Senior Product Marketing Engineer
Jan 24th 2017
Grid-connected battery arrays are viable backup and carry-through power sources; application-specific measurement ICs which meet their unique and sophisticated requirements ensure reliable system performance. The use of large-scale battery arrays for backup and carry-through energy storage is getting increasing attention, as ...

Blog Post 

 

High Efficiency, 15V Rail-to-Rail Output Synchronous Step-Down Regulator Can Source or Sink 5A

Tim Kozono - Applications Engineer Jan 23rd 2017
Design Note 560: Introduction The LTC®3623 is a high efficiency, monolithic synchronous step-down regulator capable of sourcing or sinking up to 5A of continuous output current from an input voltage range of 4V to 15V. Its compact 3mm × 5mm QFN package incorporates an abundance of features including a low EMI Silent ...

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560V Input, No-Opto Isolated Flyback Converter

George Qian - Senior Applications Engineer Jan 19th 2017
Design Note 559: Introduction In traditional isolated high voltage flyback converters, tight regulation is achieved using opto-couplers to transfer regulation information from the secondaryside reference circuitry to the primary side. The problem is that opto-couplers add significant complexity to isolated designs: there is ...

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LTspice: Creating and Working with Symbols

Markus Holtkamp - Field Applications Engineer Jan 12th 2017
In LTspice you can create a symbol automatically in two situations; either you have a subcircuit definition in ASCII fomat at hand or you want to create a hierarchy with your own schematics which are building blocks for larger designs. Hierarchical schematic drafting in particular offers powerful advantages by enabling larger ...

Blog Post Video LTspice 

 

Sharing a Reference Can Compromise Precision ADC Performance

Guy Hoover - Applications Engineer Jan 12th 2017
Precision ADCs available from Linear Technology offer a high level of performance. In order to attain that high performance many design elements such as a low noise power supply and reference, proper bypassing, a ground plane, a fast settling driver and a low jitter clock must be properly implemented. Poor execution of even ...

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High Linearity, Low Noise LTC2387-18 Drivers for Sinusoidal Signals

Doug Stuetzle - Senior Analog Applications Engineer Jan 10th 2017
Introduction The LTC2387-18 is a high speed SAR (Successive Approximation Register) ADC suited for high linearity, low noise applications. This ADC is capable of sampling at up to 15Msps, which allows it to convert signals at frequencies of several MHz. It is well-suited to convert both pulsed and continuous signals in this ...

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Setting up Linduino, Visual Micro, & JTAGICE3 for Hardware Debugging

Dan Eddleman - Senior Applications Engineer Jan 10th 2017
Introduction The Linduino is Linear Technology’s Arduino compatible system for distributing firmware libraries and example code to customers of Linear Technology’s integrated circuits. The design is based on the Arduino Uno, using the Atmel ATmega328 processor, while adding a 14-pin QuikEval™ connector that ...

Blog Post Linduino 

 

Testing Data Converters with the Arrow / Altera SoCkit FPGA Board

Mark Thoren - Staff Scientist Jan 3rd 2017
Introduction This blog describes how Linear Technology is using the SoCkit Cyclone V SoC FPGA board from Arrow Electronics as a system for evaluating medium- speed data converters: ADCs, DACs with sample rates less than 100Msps. LTC manufactures several evaluation boards for this purpose, including the DC718, DC890, and ...

Blog Post Linduino LinearLabTools 

 

SmartMesh IP Blink Mode Enables Roaming Nodes and <3μA operation

Nov 23rd 2016
SmartMesh IP wireless sensor networks are known for delivering >99.999% data reliability at ultra-low power, with routing nodes <50µA. But some applications call for nodes to be roaming within the wireless network. Enter SmartMesh IP Blink Mode, an ultra-low power roaming node capability that can reduce the average ...

Blog Post 

 

2500VRMS Isolated RS485+RS232 Transceiver with Power

Brian Rippie - Associate Design Engineer Nov 23rd 2016
In this circuit, the LTM2887-3S µModule isolator provides isolated signaling and power to the LTC2873 for a complete, 3.3V robust, galvanically isolated dual-protocol transceiver. RS232 (transmit and receive) or RS485 (half-duplex) can be selected for transmission on a single pair of wires using the 485/232 control. Mode-specific ...

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2500VRMS Isolated PROFIBUS RS485 Transceiver with Power

Brian Rippie - Associate Design Engineer Nov 23rd 2016
In this circuit, the LTM2887-3S µModule (micromodule) isolator provides isolated signaling and power to the LTC2876 for a complete, 3.3V robust, galvanically isolated transceiver. LTC2876 is a PROFIBUS RS485 transceiver designed to meet the specifications for PROFIBUS-DP masters and PROFIBUS-DP slaves, fully compatible ...

Blog Post 

 

Switch Mode Power Supply Current Sensing - Part 3: Current Sensing Methods

Henry Zhang - Applications Engineering Manager
Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Nov 22nd 2016
The three commonly employed current sensing methods for switch mode power supplies are: are using a sense resistor, using the MOSFET RDS(ON) and using the DC resistance (DCR) of the inductor. Each method offers advantages and disadvantages that should be considered when selecting one method over another.  Sense Resistor ...

Blog Post LTpowerCAD LTspice 

 

Switch Mode Power Supply Current Sensing - Part 2: Where to Place the Sense Resistor

Henry Zhang - Applications Engineering Manager
Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Nov 21st 2016
Where to Place the Current Sense Resistor The placement of the current sense resistor in conjunction with the switching regulator architecture determines what current is being sensed. Currents that are sensed include the peak inductor current, the valley inductor current (the minimum value of the inductor current when in continuous ...

Blog Post 

 

Switch Mode Power Supply Current Sensing - Part 1: The Basics

Henry Zhang - Applications Engineering Manager
Mike Shriver - Senior Applications Engineer
Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Nov 20th 2016
Current mode control is widely used for switching mode power supplies due to its high reliability, simple loop compensation design, and simple and reliable load sharing capability. The current sense signal is an essential part of a current mode switch mode power supply design; it is used to regulate the output and also provides ...

Blog Post 

 

60V Input Monolithic Converter Powers Critical Circuits without Supercaps or Other Additional Components

Victor Khasiev - Applications Engineer Nov 15th 2016
Design Note DN1040: Introduction The LTC3649 is a monolithic step-down regulator capable of operating from an input voltage range of 3.1V to 60V, and efficiently producing a (single) resistorprogrammable output voltage at up to 4A of output current. These features alone make it a compelling industrial or automotive supply for ...

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Bidirectional DC/DC Regulator and Supercapacitor Charger

Victor Khasiev - Applications Engineer Nov 15th 2016
Design Note DN558: Introduction The LTC®3110 bidirectional buck-boost DC/DC regulator charges and balances a supercapacitor when a bus voltage is present (for example 3.3V) and discharges the supercapacitor into the load when the bus fails. The LTC3110 maintains the bus’s nominal level (3.3V in the example in Figure ...

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Combining Distributed Read with Chain Mode Using the LTC2380-24

Guy Hoover - Applications Engineer Oct 24th 2016
Distributed read allows the data of the LTC2380-24 collected over N samples to be read out over each of those samples one bit or a few bits at a time, reducing the frequency of SCK allowing even the relatively slow μcontrollers to keep up. Chain mode allows multiple LTC2380-24s to be daisy-chained together so that only three ...

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Tuned IF Amplifier Applications

John Chung - Applications Engineer Oct 21st 2016
Introduction The LTC6431-20 and LTC6433-15 are single-ended RF / IF gain block amplifiers that feature very high OIP3 with low noise and a gain of 20dB and 15dB respectively. The unique combination of high linearity, low noise and low power dissipation make this an ideal candidate for many signal-chain applications. These fixed ...

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Hybrid Wide Dimming Ratio Linear LED Current Controller Using LT8614 & LT3083/LT6015

Tom Mosteller - Field Applications Engineer Oct 17th 2016
Many applications for LED illumination require wide dimming ratios. This can be accomplished simply via an adjustable current source as show below.  The current source can be varied by a number of different means, and a large LED current range can be achieved. The primary problem with this technique is that the power dissipation ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

Increase Spectral Resolution for the LTC2387-18 Demo Board - Part 1

Doug Stuetzle - Senior Analog Applications Engineer Oct 14th 2016
Introduction The LTC2387-18 is a low noise, high speed, 18-bit 15Msps successive approximation register (SAR) ADC. The combination of excellent linearity and wide dynamic range makes the LTC2387-18 ideal for high speed imaging and instrumentation applications. No latency operation provides a unique solution ...

Blog Post PScope 

 

Increase Spectral Resolution for the LTC2387-18 Demo Board - Part 2

Doug Stuetzle - Senior Analog Applications Engineer Oct 14th 2016
Introduction In Part 1 we designed and tested a lowpass + downsample structure that increased the spectral resolution of the DC2290A-A demonstration circuit for the LTC2387-18 high speed successive approximation register (SAR) ADC from 114Hz to 0.596Hz per bin. The average noise level per bin was ...

Blog Post PScope 

 

Low EMI LED Driver Features 2A, 40V, Integrated, Synchronous Switches for Automotive Lighting

Keith Szolusha - Applications Engineering Section Leader Oct 12th 2016
Design Note DN557: Introduction The breadth of LED applications has grown to encompass everything from general lighting to automotive, industrial and test equipment, sign boards and safety instruments. Feature requirements for LED drivers have become more extensive. The latest LED solutions require drivers that are compact, ...

Blog Post 

 

Distributed Read Examples for the LTC2512-24

Guy Hoover - Applications Engineer Oct 12th 2016
This article provides additional examples to more thoroughly explain the distributed read capability used in the LTC2512-24 24-bit over-sampling ADC with configurable flat passband digital filter. The data sheet explains that the data can be read over multiple conversions, that it allows for a slower serial clock and that transfers ...

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On-Board EEPROM on QuikEval supported Demo Boards

Malavika Sajikumar - Firmware Engineer Oct 4th 2016
Most of our QuikEval supported demo boards have an on-board EEPROM which is used to store a string of characters. The string holds information about the part number, demo board number and other characteristics of the board. For example, here is the string stored in the EEPROM on demo board DC956: “LTC2485,Cls,D2484,01,01,DC,DC956,---------------“ This ...

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Clever Circuit Improves Efficiency of Charge Pump Plus Linear Regulator Solution

Martin Merchant - Sr. Applications Engineer
Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Oct 4th 2016
In some systems, a charge pump plus linear regulator combination is preferred over an inductor-based switching power supply (with or without a post-regulating linear regulator) for several reasons: design simplicity, less radiated EMI, inductor-phobia, etc. For these applications, Linear Technology has a growing number ...

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3A, 1MHz Buck Mode LED Driver with Integrated Voltage Limiting

Matthew Grant - Sr Design Eng Oct 3rd 2016
Design Note DN556: Introduction The LT3952 monolithic LED driver includes a 4A, 60V DMOS power switch, excellent for driving high current LEDs in buck mode. Among its many features is an input current sense amplifier, which can be leveraged to provide built-in LED voltage limiting in buck mode.   In buck mode, the ...

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Op Amp Precision Positive & Negative Clipper using LT6015/LT6016/LT6017

Tom Mosteller - Field Applications Engineer
Aaron Schultz - Applications Manager Signal Conditioning
Oct 3rd 2016
It can be a challenge to match the voltage range of an analog signal to the input range of an analog to digital converter (ADC). Exceeding the ADC’s input range will give an incorrect reading, and if the input goes far enough beyond the power supply rails substrate currents can flow into the ADC which can cause latch up ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

LT3759 Wide Vin, 48V @ >100mA Output Boost Converter that Works Down to 1.6V

Christopher Jarboe - Associate Applications Engineer Oct 3rd 2016
The LT®3759 is a wide input range, current mode, DC/DC controller which is capable of regulating either positive or negative output voltages from a single feedback pin. It can be configured as a boost, SEPIC or inverting converter. An internal LDO regulator draws power from VIN or DRIVE to provide up to a 4.75V supply for ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

I2C Timing: Definition and Specification Guide (Part 2)

Hamza Salman Afzal - Applications Engineer Oct 3rd 2016
Introduction: In this blog post, we will be discussing I2C timing specifications and the various ways manufacturers sometimes provide these specifications. For a primer on I2C and its protocols, please refer to the post here. I2C data transfers occur over a physical two wire interface which consists of a unidirectional serial ...

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Single-Ended to Differential Driver Circuit for the LTC2387-18 SAR ADC

Doug Stuetzle - Senior Analog Applications Engineer Sep 26th 2016
The LTC®2387-18 is a 15Msps, highly linear, low-noise SAR converter with differential inputs. The combination of excellent linearity and wide dynamic range makes this ADC ideal for high speed imaging and instrumentation applications. No-latency operation provides a unique solution for high speed control loop applications. ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

LTC2387 Drivers Part III: Trans-Impedance Amplifier/Driver

Derek Redmayne - Staff Scientist Sep 8th 2016
This is unabashedly a classic case of what marketing calls “a solution looking for a problem”. It is an example of how the full SNR of the LTC2387 may be realized for a real world signal. Most signals originating in low level circuitry, in sensors, or in the real world, will require significant gain to develop 8Vp-p ...

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Build a Precision Low Noise 5A Power Supply

Michael B. Anderson - Senior IC Design Engineer Sep 6th 2016
The LT6658-2.5V voltage reference has the specifications of a precision reference with dual outputs capable of 150mA and 50mA. This unprecedented combination of precision and power allows the unique ability to create a very precise high-current power supply with load regulation of less than 12ppm/A. Only a few additional components ...

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Uncompromised Clocking Solution for 16-Bit 2.5Gsps High Performance DAC

Clarence Mayott - Applications Engineer Sep 6th 2016
Design Note 555: Introduction The LTC®2000 16-bit 2.5Gsps DAC offers excellent AC performance. For many DAC applications, phase noise, noise spectral density (NSD), and spurious free dynamic range (SFDR) are critical to maximize the number of possible channels in a band without eroding the signal to noise ratio (SNR) in ...

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How NOT to Damage Your Switching Regulator Demo Board

Christopher Jarboe - Associate Applications Engineer Sep 2nd 2016
Introduction: A great way to develop a design is to start with an existing demo board and modify it. While this simplifies the process, there are a few pitfalls to be aware of so that you do not have to spend time tracking down and replacing damaged components. Below are four common ways to damage your circuit. 1) Improper ...

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I2C Primer: What is I2C? (Part 1)

Hamza Salman Afzal - Applications Engineer Sep 2nd 2016
Introduction: The Inter-Integrated Circuit (I2C) bus is a two wire serial interface originally developed by the Phillips Corporation for use in consumer products. It is a bi-directional bus that is easily implemented in any IC process (NMOS, CMOS, bipolar) and allows for simple inter-IC communication. Connections are minimized ...

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LTspice SOAtherm Support for PCB and Heat Sink Thermal Models

Dan Eddleman - Senior Applications Engineer Sep 1st 2016
The SOAtherm model distributed with LTspice software and simplifies Hot Swap and Surge Stopper designs by verifying directly within a circuit simulation that a particular MOSFET’s Safe Operating Area (SOA) is not exceeded. This article assumes a basic understanding of the SOAtherm model. If you are not familiar with SOAtherm, ...

Blog Post LTspice 

 

Active Battery Cell Balancing

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Sam Nork - Boston Design Center Manager
Aug 18th 2016
With passive and active cell balancing, each cell in the battery stack is monitored to maintain a healthy battery state of charge (SoC). This extends battery cycle life and provides an added layer of protection by preventing damage to a battery cell due to deep discharging over overcharging. Passive balancing results in all ...

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Passive Battery Cell Balancing

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Sam Nork - Boston Design Center Manager
Aug 18th 2016
In the automotive and transportation marketplace, large battery stacks provide high output power without producing harmful emissions (i.e. carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons) associated with gasoline-powered combustion engines. Ideally, each individual battery in the stack equally contributes to the system. However, when ...

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6A Monolithic Synchronous DC/DC Step-Down Converter with Digital Power System Management

Haoran Wu - Applications Engineer Aug 10th 2016
Design Note 554: Introduction Digital Power System Management (PSM) controllers usually target high current point-of-load (POL) applications. Lower current applications, with up to 6A load current, can also benefit from PSM features. The LTC®3815 is a 6A monolithic synchronous stepdown converter with digital power monitoring ...

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Consequences of Not Following the Data Sheet Bypass Recommendation

Guy Hoover - Applications Engineer Aug 8th 2016
I occasionally get customers who ask me to review their ADC schematics and often I will see that the values for the bypass capacitors for Vdd and Vref are smaller than the data sheet recommendations. Here is an experiment I would like to share to show why it is important to use the suggested bypassing values. The circuit of ...

Blog Post 

 

Anti-Alias Filter for 24-bit ADC

Guy Hoover - Applications Engineer Aug 3rd 2016
For many ADC applications a simple RC filter at the buffer input will provide adequate anti-alias filtering. For applications that require a higher order filter an active filter is often used. The active component in that filter must have sufficient bandwidth, fast settling, low noise and low offset so that it doesn’t ...

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LTC6244 High Speed Peak Detector

Hassan Kelley - Field Applications Engineer
Gabino Alonso - Strategic Marketing Engineer
Aug 1st 2016
Introduction Peak detectors capture the extrema of the voltage signal at its input. A positive peak detector captures the most positive point of the input signal and a negative peak detector captures the most negative point of the input signal. Ideally the output of the peak detector circuit tracks or follows the input voltage ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

DC2191A Upconverts the Output of the LTC2000

Doug Stuetzle - Senior Analog Applications Engineer Jul 19th 2016
The DC2191A is a new demo board that provides an LTC5579 upconverting mixer at the output of the high speed LTC2000 DAC.  The IF output of the DAC feeds a passive lowpass reconstruction filter which then drives the IF input of the upconverting mixer.  This interface is simple and requires no DC level shifting.   An ...

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Using the Averaging Functions of PScope

Clarence Mayott - Applications Engineer Jul 18th 2016
When looking at the sampled output data from an analog to digital converter (ADC) it is often desirable to average blocks of samples from cycle to cycle.  This will reveal more details about the ADC’s characteristics, like the true shape of the noise floor, and may reveal low level spurs as well. PScope, Linear Technology’s ...

Blog Post PScope 

 

Using LTspice to Characterize Capacitor Banks

Steve Knudtsen - Field Applications Engineer
Gabino Alonso - Strategic Marketing Engineer
Jul 12th 2016
Capacitor banks are used to filter noise and provide energy storage for fast load transient response.  For modeling the stability of a DC/DC converter the ESR of the capacitor bank is needed.  This can be easily done if only one type of capacitor is used with multiple capacitors in parallel.  This is difficult ...

Blog Post LTpowerCAD LTspice 

 

Electrolytic Capacitor-Based Data Backup Power Solution for a 12V System Regulated from 5V to 36V Input

Victor Khasiev - Applications Engineer Jul 5th 2016
Design Note 553: Introduction Data loss is a concern in telecom, industrial and automotive applications where embedded systems depend on a consistent supply of power. Sudden power interruptions can corrupt data during read and write operations for hard drives and flash memory. Often, embedded systems need just 10ms to 50ms ...

Blog Post 

 

LTspice: AC Analysis Using The Step Command

Gabino Alonso - Strategic Marketing Engineer Jul 4th 2016
In LTspice, AC analysis involves computing the AC complex node voltages as a function of frequency using an independent voltage or current source as the driving signal. The small signal analysis results are plotted in the waveform viewer as magnitude and phase over frequency. AC analysis in LTspice has a number of settings: ...

Blog Post LTspice 

 

Baseband Design Example for LTC5589/LTC5599 Low-Power IQ Modulator

Bruce Hemp - Applications Section Leader Jul 1st 2016
Introduction This basic low power modulator was described in the LT Journal Nov 2015 article. In this blog post, we will show how to: Use simulation to validate the filter design, and Reduce DC offsets by utilizing Differential Amplifiers for the baseband drive. Also shown are some miscellaneous tips to help complete ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

95% Efficient at 2MHz 42V Sync Buck

Jun 24th 2016
Linear Technology’s family of high voltage synchronous step-down DC/DC switching regulators offer up to 95% efficiency. Switching at 2MHz, these low EMI parts utilize the Silent Switcher technology. Other features include spread spectrum frequency modulation, ultra-low quiescent current and are available with single, dual, ...

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No-Opto Isolated Flyback Converters

Jun 10th 2016
The no-opto isolated flyback parts from Linear need no opto-coupler or LT1431 shunt regulator for regulation. They sense the isolated output voltage directly from the primary-side waveform. This simplifies the design, allows for a smaller solution size and only requires one component crossing the isolation barrier. The load, ...

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LT6703 AC Line Overcurrent Indicator

Philip Lane - Field Applications Engineer
Gabino Alonso - Strategic Marketing Engineer
Scott Olson - Associate Engineer
Jun 4th 2016
Circuit Description This circuit design is to monitor the average current in an AC line-connected load and to illuminate an LED if it exceeds a specified level. µPower, Low Voltage Comparator with Reference The basis of this design is the LT6703-2 which combines a micropower, low voltage comparator with a 400mV reference ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

Inverting Regulator Takes Inputs Up to 50V and Supports Outputs to 4A

Victor Khasiev - Applications Engineer May 25th 2016
Design Note 552: Introduction Positive-to-negative DC/DC conversion (inverting output) is widely used in LCD devices, OLED displays, audio amplifiers, industrial equipment, measurement tools, test systems, LED drivers and battery chargers. In all of these cases, the inverting converter must be compact, support high power and ...

Blog Post LTspice 

 

Negative Voltage Ideal Diodes (Diode-OR Controllers)

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer May 23rd 2016
An ideal diode (also referred to as a diode-OR controller and more generally as a PowerPath controller) is a robust, expanded functionality replacement for a discrete power diode. It consists of a MOSFET in place of the diode to provide a low voltage drop, low power dissipation switch that connects a power ...

Blog Post 

 

LTspice: Using Time-Dependent Exponential Sources to Model Transients

Mitchell Lee - Applications Engineer
Gabino Alonso - Strategic Marketing Engineer
May 15th 2016
When working with Surge Stoppers or Hot Swap Controllers, occasionally there is a need to simulate a circuit's behavior with a specified voltage or current transient. These transients are usually modeled using a double exponential waveform characterized by a peak voltage, a rise time (usually 10%–90%), a fall time to 50% ...

Blog Post LTspice 

 

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