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Solutions Search - Space and Harsh Environment

Reference Filter Increases 32-Bit ADC SNR by 6dB

Guy Hoover - Applications Engineer Sep 26th 2017
Design Note DN568: Introduction Attaining optimal SNR performance from an ADC isn’t just a matter of providing a low noise signal to the ADC’s input. Providing a low noise reference voltage is just as important. While reference noise has no effect at zero-scale, at full-scale any noise on the reference will be visible ...

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Precision Ultralow Power High Side Current Sense

Catherine Chang - Applications Engineer Sep 19th 2017
Design Note 1045: Introduction Precision high side measurement of microamp currents requires a small value sense resistor and a low offset voltage, ultralow-power amplifier. The LTC®2063 zero-drift amplifier has a maximum input offset voltage of just 5µV and draws just 1.4µA making it a great choice for building ...

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Converting a Low Distortion Single-Ended Sine Source to Fully Differential

Guy Hoover - Applications Engineer Sep 10th 2017
Customers looking for a way to evaluate ADCs with differential inputs will find themselves in need of a low distortion, low noise differential sine source. Single-ended sine sources can be obtained by building a simple Wien-bridge oscillator or by employing any of several readily available audio oscillators. Differential sine ...

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60V 2MHz Buck-Boost Controllers Regulate High Power Voltage and Current with High Efficiency and Low EMI

Keith Szolusha - Applications Engineering Section Leader Aug 24th 2017
Design Note DN567: Introduction Synchronous buck-boost controllers are versatile and highly efficient. They can produce high power as both a boost and a buck with a single inductor, keeping power supply design simple. Normally, a buck-boost controller in a high power application is operated at a standard or low switching frequency, ...

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Simple Power Backup Supply for a 3.3V Rail

Victor Khasiev - Applications Engineer Aug 8th 2017
Design Note DN565: Introduction Data loss is a concern in telecom, industrial and automotive applications where embedded systems require a dependable supply of power. Sudden power interruptions can corrupt data during read and write operations performed by hard drives and flash memory. Designers often use batteries, capacitors ...

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High Efficiency Solar MPPT Battery Charger Using LT8611 and AD5245

Perry Faubert - FAE Jul 10th 2017
Introduction Outdoor applications that use solar panels in the range of a few watts often use a microcontroller-based MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking)  function to extract the maximum power available over the full range of environmental operating conditions. Many microcontroller-based MPPT solutions designed for ...

Blog Post LTspice 

 

LTspice: Worst-Case Circuit Analysis with Minimal Simulations Runs

Joseph Spencer - Field Applications Engineer
Gabino Alonso - Strategic Marketing Engineer
Jun 8th 2017
When designing a circuit in LTspice, you may wish to assess the impact of component tolerances. For example, the gain error introduced by non-ideal resistors in an op amp circuit. This article illustrates a method that reduces the number of simulations needed, and as a result speeds your time to results. Varying a Parameter LTSpice ...

Blog Post LTspice 

 

Low Frequency Noise Analysis for Sensor Signal Chains

Noe Quintero - Application Engineer Jun 7th 2017
Introduction High-resolution, low frequency measurements are easy to implement and perform. All that is needed is an in-depth understanding of everything in the signal chain and a consideration of every aspect of every component. In all seriousness, some considerations are needed in order to get the maximum system performance ...

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Low EMI Power Solutions and Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Standards

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer May 30th 2017
Low EMI Solutions and ElectromagneticCompatibility (EMC) Standards Many Linear Technology Power Products are compliant to a specific electromagnetic compatibility standard. The most commonly referenced standards are EN 55022, CISPR 22 Class B, FCC Part 15 Class B, and CISPR 25. When testing a power solution, there ...

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Lower Power Op Amp: Low Noise Reference, Utility Sine Wave

Catherine Chang - Applications Engineer
Philip Karantzalis - Senior Apps Eng
Aaron Schultz - Applications Manager Signal Conditioning
May 22nd 2017
Design Note DN1042: Introduction Our op amp family has expanded with industryleading speed versus supply current. The LTC®6258/ LTC6259/LTC6260 family (single, dual, quad) provides 1.3MHz at a super low 20μA supply current, with 400μV maximum offset voltage and rail-to-rail input and output. In combination with a ...

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Lower Power Op Amp: Utility Sine Wave

Aaron Schultz - Applications Manager Signal Conditioning
Philip Karantzalis - Senior Apps Eng
Catherine Chang - Applications Engineer
May 22nd 2017
Design Note DN564: Introduction Our op amp family has expanded with industryleading speed versus supply current. The LTC®6258/ LTC6259/LTC6260 family (single, dual, quad) provides 1.3MHz at a super low 20μA supply current, with 400μV maximum offset voltage and rail-to-rail input and output. In combination with a 1.8V ...

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Low Power Op Amp: Low Power Filter, Headphone Driver Revisited

Aaron Schultz - Applications Manager Signal Conditioning May 18th 2017
Design Note DN563: Introduction A new family of op amps features industry leading speed versus supply current. The LTC6261/LTC6262/ LTC6263 family (single, dual, quad) provides 30MHz at a low 240μA supply current, with 400μV maximum offset voltage and rail-to-rail input and output. In combination with 1.8V to 5.25V supply, ...

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No-Opto Flyback DC/DC Converters & Snubber Protection Circuits

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
George Qian - Senior Applications Engineer
May 2nd 2017
Flyback Solutions The flyback DC/DC converter topology is one of several topologies that allow the input voltage to be above or below the output voltage. The SEPIC and buck-boost topologies also allow this, but there are times when a flyback is the more desirable solution: namely when isolation is required (for noise immunity ...

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60V Low IQ, Dual Output Synchronous Step-Down Controller with Adjustable Gate Drive

Victor Khasiev - Applications Engineer Mar 31st 2017
Design Note 562: Introduction The LTC®3892 is a dual output synchronous buck controller featuring a wide input voltage range of 4.5V to 60V and an output voltage of 0.8V to 99% of VIN. The combination of the LTC3892’s built-in FET drivers and external FETs yield high efficiency and high power capability, up to 97% ...

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LT8310/LT1431 92W Isolated Forward Converter with Opto Feedback; VIN = 48V, VOUT = 54V@1.7A

George Qian - Senior Applications Engineer Mar 29th 2017
The LT8310 is a constant-frequency resonant reset forward converter controller with a low side N-channel MOSFET gate driver. The LT8310 has a wide input voltage range from 6V to 100V. Its switching frequency can be programed from 100kHz to 500kHz to optimize efficiency, performance or external component size. The LT8310’s ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

Low Noise Power Supplies Come in Many Flavors: Part 1 - Linear Regulators

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer Mar 23rd 2017
(In this three part series, we look at low noise portable power supplies using different topologies. Using a low noise linear regulator is a no-brainer for many of these applications, but in applications where a linear regulator may not be desired (due to efficiency, power dissipation or other constraints), low noise solutions ...

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Low Noise Power Supplies Come in Many Flavors: Part 2 - Charge Pump Solutions

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Amit Lele - Senior Design Engineer
Mar 23rd 2017
Charge pump solutions are often thought to be too noisy for low noise applications. Engineers associate charge pump power supplies with peak-to-peak noise levels in the 20mV to 200mV range. Linear Technology's latest family of regulated charge pump plus linear regulator power supply solutions are inductorless, small size, low ...

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Improving Linearity by Using Absorptive Filters

Clarence Mayott - Applications Engineer Mar 10th 2017
Introduction: When driving a direct sampling high speed ADC, the most likely place to degrade the performance is the interface between the final amplifier and the ADC. With any direct sampling ADC there will be nonlinear charge produced in the sampling process. This charge is reflected into the input network each time the sampling ...

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High Voltage, High Efficiency Positive to Negative Converter

Victor Khasiev - Applications Engineer Mar 8th 2017
Design Note 561: Introduction Positive to negative conversion (inverting output) is widely used in LCD devices, OLED displays, audio amplifiers, industrial machinery, semiconductor manufacturing process control equipment, measurement tools, testing systems, LED drivers and battery chargers. Many of these applications require ...

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Using the LTC6820 with the LTC24XX Delta Sigma Family

Noe Quintero - Application Engineer Feb 8th 2017
Introduction The LTC6820 isoSPI isolated communication interface is typically used in automotive applications. One of the more popular applications is to isolate the battery monitor circuits. However, it can be a desirable solution for medical applications where isolation is necessary. Another advantage for the LTC6820 is to ...

Blog Post Linduino 

 

Maximizing Cell Monitoring Accuracy and Data Integrity in Energy Storage Battery Management Systems

Mike Kultgen - Design Director
Greg Zimmer - Senior Product Marketing Engineer
Jan 24th 2017
Grid-connected battery arrays are viable backup and carry-through power sources; application-specific measurement ICs which meet their unique and sophisticated requirements ensure reliable system performance. The use of large-scale battery arrays for backup and carry-through energy storage is getting increasing attention, as ...

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High Linearity, Low Noise LTC2387-18 Drivers for Sinusoidal Signals

Doug Stuetzle - Senior Analog Applications Engineer Jan 10th 2017
Introduction The LTC2387-18 is a high speed SAR (Successive Approximation Register) ADC suited for high linearity, low noise applications. This ADC is capable of sampling at up to 15Msps, which allows it to convert signals at frequencies of several MHz. It is well-suited to convert both pulsed and continuous signals in this ...

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Testing Data Converters with the Arrow / Altera SoCkit FPGA Board

Mark Thoren - Staff Scientist Jan 3rd 2017
Introduction This blog describes how Linear Technology is using the SoCkit Cyclone V SoC FPGA board from Arrow Electronics as a system for evaluating medium- speed data converters: ADCs, DACs with sample rates less than 100Msps. LTC manufactures several evaluation boards for this purpose, including the DC718, DC890, and ...

Blog Post Linduino LinearLabTools 

 

2500VRMS Isolated RS485+RS232 Transceiver with Power

Brian Rippie - Associate Design Engineer Nov 23rd 2016
In this circuit, the LTM2887-3S µModule isolator provides isolated signaling and power to the LTC2873 for a complete, 3.3V robust, galvanically isolated dual-protocol transceiver. RS232 (transmit and receive) or RS485 (half-duplex) can be selected for transmission on a single pair of wires using the 485/232 control. Mode-specific ...

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2500VRMS Isolated PROFIBUS RS485 Transceiver with Power

Brian Rippie - Associate Design Engineer Nov 23rd 2016
In this circuit, the LTM2887-3S µModule (micromodule) isolator provides isolated signaling and power to the LTC2876 for a complete, 3.3V robust, galvanically isolated transceiver. LTC2876 is a PROFIBUS RS485 transceiver designed to meet the specifications for PROFIBUS-DP masters and PROFIBUS-DP slaves, fully compatible ...

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Hybrid Wide Dimming Ratio Linear LED Current Controller Using LT8614 & LT3083/LT6015

Tom Mosteller - Field Applications Engineer Oct 17th 2016
Many applications for LED illumination require wide dimming ratios. This can be accomplished simply via an adjustable current source as show below.  The current source can be varied by a number of different means, and a large LED current range can be achieved. The primary problem with this technique is that the power dissipation ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

Low EMI LED Driver Features 2A, 40V, Integrated, Synchronous Switches for Automotive Lighting

Keith Szolusha - Applications Engineering Section Leader Oct 12th 2016
Design Note DN557: Introduction The breadth of LED applications has grown to encompass everything from general lighting to automotive, industrial and test equipment, sign boards and safety instruments. Feature requirements for LED drivers have become more extensive. The latest LED solutions require drivers that are compact, ...

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Clever Circuit Improves Efficiency of Charge Pump Plus Linear Regulator Solution

Martin Merchant - Sr. Applications Engineer
Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Oct 4th 2016
In some systems, a charge pump plus linear regulator combination is preferred over an inductor-based switching power supply (with or without a post-regulating linear regulator) for several reasons: design simplicity, less radiated EMI, inductor-phobia, etc. For these applications, Linear Technology has a growing number ...

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3A, 1MHz Buck Mode LED Driver with Integrated Voltage Limiting

Matthew Grant - Sr Design Eng Oct 3rd 2016
Design Note DN556: Introduction The LT3952 monolithic LED driver includes a 4A, 60V DMOS power switch, excellent for driving high current LEDs in buck mode. Among its many features is an input current sense amplifier, which can be leveraged to provide built-in LED voltage limiting in buck mode.   In buck mode, the ...

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LT3759 Wide Vin, 48V @ >100mA Output Boost Converter that Works Down to 1.6V

Christopher Jarboe - Associate Applications Engineer Oct 3rd 2016
The LT®3759 is a wide input range, current mode, DC/DC controller which is capable of regulating either positive or negative output voltages from a single feedback pin. It can be configured as a boost, SEPIC or inverting converter. An internal LDO regulator draws power from VIN or DRIVE to provide up to a 4.75V supply for ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

Op Amp Precision Positive & Negative Clipper using LT6015/LT6016/LT6017

Tom Mosteller - Field Applications Engineer
Aaron Schultz - Applications Manager Signal Conditioning
Oct 3rd 2016
It can be a challenge to match the voltage range of an analog signal to the input range of an analog to digital converter (ADC). Exceeding the ADC’s input range will give an incorrect reading, and if the input goes far enough beyond the power supply rails substrate currents can flow into the ADC which can cause latch up ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

Single-Ended to Differential Driver Circuit for the LTC2387-18 SAR ADC

Doug Stuetzle - Senior Analog Applications Engineer Sep 26th 2016
The LTC®2387-18 is a 15Msps, highly linear, low-noise SAR converter with differential inputs. The combination of excellent linearity and wide dynamic range makes this ADC ideal for high speed imaging and instrumentation applications. No-latency operation provides a unique solution for high speed control loop applications. ...

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LTC2387 Drivers Part III: Trans-Impedance Amplifier/Driver

Derek Redmayne - Staff Scientist Sep 8th 2016
This is unabashedly a classic case of what marketing calls “a solution looking for a problem”. It is an example of how the full SNR of the LTC2387 may be realized for a real world signal. Most signals originating in low level circuitry, in sensors, or in the real world, will require significant gain to develop 8Vp-p ...

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Build a Precision Low Noise 5A Power Supply

Michael B. Anderson - Senior IC Design Engineer Sep 6th 2016
The LT6658-2.5V voltage reference has the specifications of a precision reference with dual outputs capable of 150mA and 50mA. This unprecedented combination of precision and power allows the unique ability to create a very precise high-current power supply with load regulation of less than 12ppm/A. Only a few additional components ...

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How NOT to Damage Your Switching Regulator Demo Board

Christopher Jarboe - Associate Applications Engineer Sep 2nd 2016
Introduction: A great way to develop a design is to start with an existing demo board and modify it. While this simplifies the process, there are a few pitfalls to be aware of so that you do not have to spend time tracking down and replacing damaged components. Below are four common ways to damage your circuit. 1) Improper ...

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I2C Primer: What is I2C? (Part 1)

Hamza Salman Afzal - Applications Engineer Sep 2nd 2016
Introduction: The Inter-Integrated Circuit (I2C) bus is a two wire serial interface originally developed by the Phillips Corporation for use in consumer products. It is a bi-directional bus that is easily implemented in any IC process (NMOS, CMOS, bipolar) and allows for simple inter-IC communication. Connections are minimized ...

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Active Battery Cell Balancing

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Sam Nork - Boston Design Center Manager
Aug 18th 2016
With passive and active cell balancing, each cell in the battery stack is monitored to maintain a healthy battery state of charge (SoC). This extends battery cycle life and provides an added layer of protection by preventing damage to a battery cell due to deep discharging over overcharging. Passive balancing results in all ...

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Passive Battery Cell Balancing

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Sam Nork - Boston Design Center Manager
Aug 18th 2016
In the automotive and transportation marketplace, large battery stacks provide high output power without producing harmful emissions (i.e. carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons) associated with gasoline-powered combustion engines. Ideally, each individual battery in the stack equally contributes to the system. However, when ...

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Consequences of Not Following the Data Sheet Bypass Recommendation

Guy Hoover - Applications Engineer Aug 8th 2016
I occasionally get customers who ask me to review their ADC schematics and often I will see that the values for the bypass capacitors for Vdd and Vref are smaller than the data sheet recommendations. Here is an experiment I would like to share to show why it is important to use the suggested bypassing values. The circuit of ...

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Anti-Alias Filter for 24-bit ADC

Guy Hoover - Applications Engineer Aug 3rd 2016
For many ADC applications a simple RC filter at the buffer input will provide adequate anti-alias filtering. For applications that require a higher order filter an active filter is often used. The active component in that filter must have sufficient bandwidth, fast settling, low noise and low offset so that it doesn’t ...

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LTC6244 High Speed Peak Detector

Hassan Kelley - Field Applications Engineer
Gabino Alonso - Strategic Marketing Engineer
Aug 1st 2016
Introduction Peak detectors capture the extrema of the voltage signal at its input. A positive peak detector captures the most positive point of the input signal and a negative peak detector captures the most negative point of the input signal. Ideally the output of the peak detector circuit tracks or follows the input voltage ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

Baseband Design Example for LTC5589/LTC5599 Low-Power IQ Modulator

Bruce Hemp - Applications Section Leader Jul 1st 2016
Introduction This basic low power modulator was described in the LT Journal Nov 2015 article. In this blog post, we will show how to: Use simulation to validate the filter design, and Reduce DC offsets by utilizing Differential Amplifiers for the baseband drive. Also shown are some miscellaneous tips to help complete ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

95% Efficient at 2MHz 42V Sync Buck

Jun 24th 2016
Linear Technology’s family of high voltage synchronous step-down DC/DC switching regulators offer up to 95% efficiency. Switching at 2MHz, these low EMI parts utilize the Silent Switcher technology. Other features include spread spectrum frequency modulation, ultra-low quiescent current and are available with single, dual, ...

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No-Opto Isolated Flyback Converters

Jun 10th 2016
The no-opto isolated flyback parts from Linear need no opto-coupler or LT1431 shunt regulator for regulation. They sense the isolated output voltage directly from the primary-side waveform. This simplifies the design, allows for a smaller solution size and only requires one component crossing the isolation barrier. The load, ...

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LT6703 AC Line Overcurrent Indicator

Philip Lane - Field Applications Engineer
Gabino Alonso - Strategic Marketing Engineer
Scott Olson - Associate Engineer
Jun 4th 2016
Circuit Description This circuit design is to monitor the average current in an AC line-connected load and to illuminate an LED if it exceeds a specified level. µPower, Low Voltage Comparator with Reference The basis of this design is the LT6703-2 which combines a micropower, low voltage comparator with a 400mV reference ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

LTspice: Using Time-Dependent Exponential Sources to Model Transients

Mitchell Lee - Applications Engineer
Gabino Alonso - Strategic Marketing Engineer
May 15th 2016
When working with Surge Stoppers or Hot Swap Controllers, occasionally there is a need to simulate a circuit's behavior with a specified voltage or current transient. These transients are usually modeled using a double exponential waveform characterized by a peak voltage, a rise time (usually 10%–90%), a fall time to 50% ...

Blog Post LTspice 

 

How to Drive the LTC2387 (Part 1): Signal Applications to 5MHz that Require Low Inter-Modulation Distortion

Derek Redmayne - Staff Scientist May 13th 2016
The biggest challenge in driving a 15Msps, 18-bit ADC with an 8Vp-p input range is the lack of integrated amplifiers with adequate bandwidth, low noise, and the required output excursion. There are low-noise, high-BW amplifiers than can produce 2VPP. There are low speed amplifiers than can produce 8VPP. For low distortion beyond ...

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Primer on PowerPath Controllers, Ideal Diodes & Prioritizers

Pinkesh Sachdev - Product Marketing Engineer - Mixed Signal Apr 29th 2016
Electronic systems powered by multiple DC sources are commonplace - they include handheld devices (USB port and battery), portable instruments (wall adapter and battery), and high-availability servers (main and redundant/auxiliary supply rails). Selecting the correct input supply to power the system is not a trivial ...

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Common Questions About the LTC2668 Family of 16bit VOUT DACs

Mark Thoren - Staff Scientist
Chad Steward - Design Manager
Noe Quintero - Application Engineer
Apr 19th 2016
The LTC2668-16 packs 16, 16-bit high performance Digital to Analog converters (DACs) into a tiny, 6x6mm QFN package, with 8 and 4 channel versions in a 5x5 QFN, and 12-bit versions for lower resolution applications. A general purpose DAC such as this finds its way into a myriad of diverse applications, and tends to generate ...

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AN159: Measuring 2nV/√Hz Noise and 120dB Supply Rejection on Linear Regulators - The Quest for Quiet

Apr 4th 2016
AN159: Introduction A quiet, well regulated supply is important for optimum performance with a number of circuit applications. Voltage controlled oscillators (VCOs) and precision voltage controlled crystal oscillators (VCXOs) respond to small changes in their supply very quickly. Phase-locked loops (PLLs) require a stable supply ...

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LTSpice: Plotting a Parameter Against Something Other Than Time (e.g. Resistance)

Joseph Spencer - Field Applications Engineer
Gabino Alonso - Strategic Marketing Engineer
Mar 25th 2016
A common use for LTSpice® is to run a time domain transient analysis where a parameter (e.g. voltage or current) can be plotted against time. Occasionally, you may wish to know the behavior of a circuit versus another parameter such as resistance. This can be done by using the “.measure” and “.step” ...

Blog Post LTspice 

 

A New Era in Space Products - Radiation Tolerant

T.J. Fure - Product Marketing Manager
Gabino Alonso - Strategic Marketing Engineer
Mar 23rd 2016
Recent developments have made doing business in space ever more achievable to a broadening base of companies. A market previously consisting solely of major defense contractors and national governments has been disrupted by a growing list of commercial companies determined to deploy an enterprise beyond the confines of our terrestrial ...

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Differences Between the Ćuk Converter and the Inverting Charge Pump Converter

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Jesus Rosales - Applications Engineer
Mar 7th 2016
The Ćuk converter (also referred to as the two inductor inverting converter), the inverting charge pump and the single inductor inverting converter (also referred to as the inverting buck-boost) all provide a negative output voltage from a positive input voltage. However, engineers often unknowingly refer to these topologies ...

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Powering Altera Arria 10 FPGA and Arria 10 SoC: Tested and Verified Power Management Solutions

Afshin Odabaee - Business Manager - uModule Power Products Feb 19th 2016
Design Note DN549: Introduction FPGA development kits allow system developers to evaluate an FPGA without having to design a complete system. Figures 1 and 2 show Altera’s new 20nm Arria 10 FPGAs and Arria 10 SoCs (System-on-Chip) development boards. These boards are tested and verified by Altera, exemplifying best design ...

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High-Voltage Amplifier Extends Coulomb Counter Range to +/-270V

Kris Lokere - Strategic Applications Manager Jan 22nd 2016
Introduction A coulomb counter can measure charge that flows into or out of a battery. Small, dedicated devices such as LTC2941 or LTC2943 can directly interface with low to medium battery voltages, up to about 20V. You can extend the input operating range of the measurement circuit by using a high-voltage amplifier as a level ...

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Shutdown with the LT3080x Current Source Reference Linear Regulators

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Tony Bonte - Design Manager
Jan 21st 2016
Current Source Reference Linear Regulators In many low noise applications, a linear regulator is an ideal solution for the power conversion due to its very low output voltage noise and low electromagnetic noise generation (compared to a charge pump or a switching regulator). The LT308x linear regulator family is ideal for these ...

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VID Controller with Phase Extender Provides 120A Power Supply for Latest Generation of FPGAs, ASICs and Processors

Mike Shriver - Senior Applications Engineer Jan 12th 2016
DN547: Introduction The current drawn by FPGAs, ASICs and processors for high performance servers, network and computing systems continues to rise, and load currents of 100A or greater are becoming common. Meanwhile, the chip's operating voltages are dropping to 0.9V and below with tighter voltage regulation requirements. For ...

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Spread Spectrum Frequency Modulation Reduces EMI

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Greg Zimmer - Senior Product Marketing Engineer
Nov 4th 2015
Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR), Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) and Electromagnetic Compliance (EMC) are terms that pertain to energy from electrically charged particles and the associated magnetic fields that can potentially interfere with circuit performance and signal transmissions. With the proliferation of wireless ...

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Parameters that Affect Comparator Propagation Delay Measurements

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer Nov 4th 2015
One of the key specifications for a comparator is propagation delay - the amount of time it takes for a signal propagate from the comparator input to the output. Whether as a threshold detector in a battery powered application, or on a high speed signal processing board, the comparator's propagation delay is often the first ...

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Low Power, Precision Op Amp Simplifies Driving of MUXed ADCs

Guy Hoover - Applications Engineer Oct 2nd 2015
Design Note 1034: Introduction The high speed op amps required to buffer a modern 16‑/18-bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC) typically dissipate as much power as the ADC itself, often with a maximum offset spec of about 1mV, well beyond that of the ADC. If multiple multichannel ADCs are required, the power dissipation can ...

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Injection-Lock a Wien-Bridge Oscillator

Glen Brisebois - Applications Engineer - Signal Conditioning Sep 22nd 2015
I recently had the opportunity to investigate a new micropower 6-MHz LTC6255 op amp driving a 12-bit, 250k sample/sec LTC2361 ADC. I wanted to acquire the FFT of a pure sinusoid of about 5 kHz. The problem is that getting the FFT of a pure sinusoid requires, well, a pure sinusoid. Most programmable signal generators, however, ...

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Signal Conditioning for High Impedance Sensors

Glen Brisebois - Applications Engineer - Signal Conditioning Sep 22nd 2015
Abstract Dealing with high impedance sources and maintaining high impedance inputs without compromising reliability has its own set of challenges. This article offers qualitative and quantitative discussions of issues associated what high impedence circuits, what types of sensors are high impedance, and what devices are available ...

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Signal Level Shifting with μModule Regulator for Positive-to-Negative Inverting Appliications

Sam Young - Applications Engineer Sep 3rd 2015
Introduction Linear μModule regulators are perfect for point-of-load supplies because their easy-to-drop-in, compact, all-in-one design. They fit tight spaces with minimal engineering effort—only a few components are required in addition to the µModule package itself. Any step-down µModule ...

Blog Post LTspice 

 

Positive to Negative Converter with Variable Output Using LTC3630 and LT6015/LT6016

Philip Lane - Field Applications Engineer
Gabino Alonso - Strategic Marketing Engineer
Sep 1st 2015
There was a window of time in the 1950s and early ’60s when negative voltage rails were commonplace, when germanium PNP transistors were prevalent—like those used in an old “transistor radio”, now worth a fortune on Ebay. Nowadays, NPN transistors are more prevalent, since they basically work ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

Data Backup Solution for 1mm, Low Profile Industrial Applications

Victor Khasiev - Applications Engineer Aug 25th 2015
Introduction Data backup and retention during a power interruption is required in a wide variety of industrial and automotive applications, where emergency backup power supplies (such as a UPS) may be unfeasible. For example, a vehicle may need to transmit geographical coordinates and the vehicle ID during an abrupt battery ...

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Robust 140V VIN, 400mA Step-Down Regulator for Industrial, Telecom and Automotive Environments

Mike Shriver - Senior Applications Engineer Aug 20th 2015
Design Note 543: Introduction The LTC®7138 is a 400mA step-down regulator that can operate over an input voltage range of 4V to 140V, ideal for industrial, telecom, automotive and other applications subject to harsh line transients. Due to the regulator’s hysteretic architecture, no external compensation is required. ...

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Increasing Output Current of the Ultralow Noise, Ultrahigh PSRR LT3042 200mA Linear Regulator

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Amit Patel
Dawson Huang
Aug 17th 2015
The LT0342 is a 200mA, 1.8V to 20V input, linear regulator that targets low noise RF and wireless circuits. It features an industry-leading 0.8µVRMS output noise (10Hz to 100kHz) and an impressive 79dB PSRR at 1MHz. Several customers have asked for ways to increase the current above 200mA while still maintaining low noise ...

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Achieving Low On-Resistance with Guaranteed SOA in High Current Hot Swap Applications

Dan Eddleman - Senior Applications Engineer
Gabino Alonso - Strategic Marketing Engineer
Jul 29th 2015
Introduction The requirement for live insertion and removal in high current backplane applications demands MOSFETs that exhibit both low on-resistance during steady state operation and high Safe Operating Area (SOA) for transient conditions. Often, modern MOSFETs optimized for low on-resistance are unsuitable for high SOA Hot ...

Blog Post Circuit LTspice 

 

100V Micropower Voltage Monitor Provides Flexible Monitoring of Positive and Negative Rails Simultaneously

Hamza Salman Afzal - Applications Engineer Jul 22nd 2015
Flexible supply monitoring that eases design and provides high accuracy, at a low current cost, is in high demand in today’s power conscious world. Typical supply monitors comprise a comparator with a reference, and an external divider to set the exact trip points. Unfortunately, the divider can, itself, draw more current ...

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Paralleling Amplifiers Improves Signal-to-Noise Performance

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer Jul 9th 2015
Dealing with low amplitude signals can be challenging.  In order to differentiate between the low level signal and the noise contributed by surrounding circuitry, we typically use gain to amplify the signal above the noise floor.  However, a standard amplifier configuration multiplies the input signal, the input noise, ...

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Micropower Op Amp Drives 8-Channel 18-Bit Simultaneous Sampling ADC without Compromising Accuracy or Breaking the Power Budget

Guy Hoover - Applications Engineer Jun 23rd 2015
Design Note 541: Introduction The op amps used to drive 18-bit analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) typically draw as much supply current as the ADC itself, often with a maximum offset spec that is well above that of the ADC. If multiple ADC channels are required, the power dissipation from these drivers quickly rises to unacceptable ...

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36V Input, 8.5A Buck-Boost μModule Regulator Easily Parallels for Increased Power

Andy Radosevich - Applications Engineer Jun 16th 2015
Design Note DN540: Introduction The LTM®8055 is a buck-boost μModule® regulator with a 5V to 36V input range that can be easily paralleled to extend load current capability. Its 4-switch buck-boost topology features high efficiency while allowing the input voltage to be below, at or above the output—with smooth ...

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Paralleling Linear Regulators Made Easy

Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer May 21st 2015
Linear regulators provide a simple, low noise solution for dc-dc regulation. However, at higher Vin-Vout differentials the low efficiency and high power dissipation of linear regulators limits the ammount of output current that can realistically be delivered.  Connecting multiple linear regulators in parallel spreads the ...

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Sometimes You Need a Little Gain Part 2

Guy Hoover - Applications Engineer Apr 28th 2015
Introduction Part 1 of "Sometimes You Need a Little Gain" dealt with a pseudo-differential ADC driver with gains of one to ten. This time a fully differential ADC driver, again with gains of one to ten will be described. First a brief recap on the LTC2373-18 SAR ADC and a description of the LTC6237 op amp which will be ...

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Sometimes You Need a Little Gain - Part 1

Guy Hoover - Applications Engineer Apr 9th 2015
Introduction The LTC2373-18 is an 18-bit, 1Msps, 8-channel SAR ADC with an integrated high performance reference and programmable sequencer. The LTC2373-18 can be configured to accept both pseudo-differential (unipolar and bipolar) and fully differential input signals. For best performance, an op amp should ...

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Paralleling Amplifiers Increases Output Drive

Apr 1st 2015
There are several circuit techniques that increase the output drive capability of an amplifier. One method uses external bipolar transistors as a push-pull circuit to provide additional drive. Another method uses two different amplifiers in a composite amplfier configuration as detailed in Application Note 21 to leverage ...

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Avoid Amplifier Output Driver Saturation When Using pA Bias Current Amplifiers with High Source Impedance Sensors

Jon Munson - Applications Engineer
Kevin B. Scott - Senior Strategic Marketing Engineer
Mar 26th 2015
Need for Low Bias Current Amplfiers When taking sensor measurements, the type of sensor excitation used varies greatly; it can be a DC signal, an AC signal, a voltage source, a current source or a pulsed source to name a few. When using current source excitation or when using a high impedance sensor, the amplifier's bias current ...

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Multiple LTC2315-12 ADCs Share SPI Bus

Guy Hoover - Applications Engineer Mar 18th 2015
The data sheet doesn’t always show everything you need to know about using a part. For example, a common application when using multiple serial ADCs is to share the clock and data output lines to simplify the interface to the processor/ FPGA. The data sheet for the LTC2315-12 12-bit 5Msps, SPI compatible ADC with an integrated ...

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Accurate, Fast Settling Analog Voltages from Digital PWM Signals

Mark Thoren - Staff Scientist
Chad Steward - Design Manager
Mar 17th 2015
Introduction Pulse width modulation (PWM) is a common technique for generating analog voltages from a digital device such as a microcontroller or FPGA. Most microcontrollers have dedicated PWM generation peripherals built in, and it only takes a few lines of RTL code to generate a PWM signal from an FPGA. This is a simple, ...

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LT6703 μPower Supply Voltage Monitor with 2V Hysteresis

Mar 17th 2015
The LT6703 µPower, low voltage comparator and reference offers a single comparator and accurate reference in a 2mm × 2mm DFN package. The -3 version is has a non-inverting input. Although only one of its comparator inputs is accessible (the other is connected to a 400mV internal precision voltage reference) its size ...

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