LTC2946 - Wide Range I2C Power, Charge and Energy Monitor

Features

  • Rail-to-Rail Input Range: 0V to 100V
  • Wide Input Supply Range: 2.7V to 100V
  • Shunt Regulator for Supplies >100V
  • ΔΣ ADC with Less Than ±0.4% Total Unadjusted Error
  • 12-Bit Resolution for Current and Voltages
  • ±1% Accurate Power and Energy Measurements
  • ±0.6% Accurate Current and Charge Measurements
  • Additional ADC Input Monitors an External Voltage
  • Internal ±5% or External Time Bases
  • Continuous Scan and Snapshot Modes
  • Stores Minimum and Maximum Values
  • Alerts When Limits Exceeded
  • Split SDA Pin Eases Opto-Isolation
  • Shutdown Mode with IQ < 40μA
  • Available in 4mm × 3mm DFN and 16-Lead MSOP Packages

Typical Application

LTC2946 Typical Application
LTC2946 Typical Application

Description

The LTC®2946 is a rail-to-rail system monitor that measures current, voltage, power, charge and energy. It features an operating range of 2.7V to 100V and includes a shunt regulator for supplies above 100V. The current measurement common mode range of 0V to 100V is independent of the input supply. A 12-bit ADC measures load current, input voltage and an auxiliary external voltage. Load current and internally calculated power are integrated over an external clock or crystal or internal oscillator time base for charge and energy. An accurate time base allows the LTC2946 to provide measurement accuracy of better than ±0.6% for charge and ±1% for power and energy. Minimum and maximum values are stored and an overrange alert with programmable thresholds minimizes the need for software polling. Data is reported via a standard I2C interface.

The LTC2946 I2C interface includes separate data input and output pins for use with standard or opto-isolated I2C connections. The LTC2946-1 has an inverted data output for use with inverting opto-isolator configurations.

Packaging

CAD Symbols and Footprints: The downloadable Zip file below contains the schematic symbol and PCB footprints.

For complete and up to date package information and drawings, please refer to our packaging page

Part Number Package Code Temp Package
Drawing
RoHS
LTC2946CDE-1#PBF 4x3 DFN-16 DE C 05-08-1732 Yes
LTC2946CDE-1#TRPBF 4x3 DFN-16 DE C 05-08-1732 Yes
LTC2946CDE#PBF 4x3 DFN-16 DE C 05-08-1732 Yes
LTC2946CDE#TRPBF 4x3 DFN-16 DE C 05-08-1732 Yes
LTC2946CMS-1#PBF MS-16 MS C 05-08-1669 Yes
LTC2946CMS-1#TRPBF MS-16 MS C 05-08-1669 Yes
LTC2946CMS#PBF MS-16 MS C 05-08-1669 Yes
LTC2946CMS#TRPBF MS-16 MS C 05-08-1669 Yes
LTC2946HDE-1#PBF 4x3 DFN-16 DE H 05-08-1732 Yes
LTC2946HDE-1#TRPBF 4x3 DFN-16 DE H 05-08-1732 Yes
LTC2946HDE#PBF 4x3 DFN-16 DE H 05-08-1732 Yes
LTC2946HDE#TRPBF 4x3 DFN-16 DE H 05-08-1732 Yes
LTC2946HMS-1#PBF MS-16 MS H 05-08-1669 Yes
LTC2946HMS-1#TRPBF MS-16 MS H 05-08-1669 Yes
LTC2946HMS#PBF MS-16 MS H 05-08-1669 Yes
LTC2946HMS#TRPBF MS-16 MS H 05-08-1669 Yes
LTC2946IDE-1#PBF 4x3 DFN-16 DE I 05-08-1732 Yes
LTC2946IDE-1#TRPBF 4x3 DFN-16 DE I 05-08-1732 Yes
LTC2946IDE#PBF 4x3 DFN-16 DE I 05-08-1732 Yes
LTC2946IDE#TRPBF 4x3 DFN-16 DE I 05-08-1732 Yes
LTC2946IMS-1#PBF MS-16 MS I 05-08-1669 Yes
LTC2946IMS-1#TRPBF MS-16 MS I 05-08-1669 Yes
LTC2946IMS#PBF MS-16 MS I 05-08-1669 Yes
LTC2946IMS#TRPBF MS-16 MS I 05-08-1669 Yes
LTC2946MPMS-1#PBF MS-16 MS MP 05-08-1669 Yes
LTC2946MPMS-1#TRPBF MS-16 MS MP 05-08-1669 Yes
LTC2946MPMS#PBF MS-16 MS MP 05-08-1669 Yes
LTC2946MPMS#TRPBF MS-16 MS MP 05-08-1669 Yes


LTC2946 Package Drawing
LTC2946 Package Drawing
LTC2946 Package Drawing
LTC2946 Package Drawing

Order Info

  • Part numbers ending in PBF are lead free. Solder plated terminal finish (SnPb) versions are non-standard and special terms and conditions and pricing applies if available. Please contact LTC marketing for information.
  • Part numbers containing TR or TRM are shipped in tape and reel or 500 unit mini tape and reel, respectively
  • Please refer to our general ordering information or the product datasheet for more details

Package Variations and Pricing

Part Number Package Temp Price
(1-99)
Price
(1k)*
RoHS
LTC2946CDE-1#PBF 4x3 DFN-16 C $5.64 $3.95 Yes
LTC2946CDE-1#TRPBF 4x3 DFN-16 C $4.01 Yes
LTC2946CDE#PBF 4x3 DFN-16 C $5.64 $3.95 Yes
LTC2946CDE#TRPBF 4x3 DFN-16 C $4.01 Yes
LTC2946CMS-1#PBF MS-16 C $5.64 $3.95 Yes
LTC2946CMS-1#TRPBF MS-16 C $4.01 Yes
LTC2946CMS#PBF MS-16 C $5.64 $3.95 Yes
LTC2946CMS#TRPBF MS-16 C $4.01 Yes
LTC2946HDE-1#PBF 4x3 DFN-16 H $7.46 $5.22 Yes
LTC2946HDE-1#TRPBF 4x3 DFN-16 H $5.28 Yes
LTC2946HDE#PBF 4x3 DFN-16 H $7.46 $5.22 Yes
LTC2946HDE#TRPBF 4x3 DFN-16 H $5.28 Yes
LTC2946HMS-1#PBF MS-16 H $7.46 $5.22 Yes
LTC2946HMS-1#TRPBF MS-16 H $5.28 Yes
LTC2946HMS#PBF MS-16 H $7.46 $5.22 Yes
LTC2946HMS#TRPBF MS-16 H $5.28 Yes
LTC2946IDE-1#PBF 4x3 DFN-16 I $6.49 $4.54 Yes
LTC2946IDE-1#TRPBF 4x3 DFN-16 I $4.60 Yes
LTC2946IDE#PBF 4x3 DFN-16 I $6.49 $4.54 Yes
LTC2946IDE#TRPBF 4x3 DFN-16 I $4.60 Yes
LTC2946IMS-1#PBF MS-16 I $6.49 $4.54 Yes
LTC2946IMS-1#TRPBF MS-16 I $4.60 Yes
LTC2946IMS#PBF MS-16 I $6.49 $4.54 Yes
LTC2946IMS#TRPBF MS-16 I $4.60 Yes
LTC2946MPMS-1#PBF MS-16 MP $16.93 $11.85 Yes
LTC2946MPMS-1#TRPBF MS-16 MP $11.91 Yes
LTC2946MPMS#PBF MS-16 MP $16.93 $11.85 Yes
LTC2946MPMS#TRPBF MS-16 MP $11.91 Yes
Buy NowRequest Samples
* The USA list pricing shown is for BUDGETARY USE ONLY, shown in United States dollars (FOB USA per unit for the stated volume), and is subject to change. International prices may differ due to local duties, taxes, fees and exchange rates. For volume-specific price or delivery quotes, please contact your local Linear Technology sales office or authorized distributor.

Demo Boards

Linear Technology offers many demo boards free of charge to qualified customers. Contact your local sales office or distributor to inquire about a demo board. Certain demo boards are also available for sale via credit card on this website. Demo boards are for evaluation purposes only. It remains the customer’s responsibility to verify proper and reliable operation in the actual end application.

Part Number Description Price Documentation
DC2156A LTC2946 Demo Board | Wide Range I2C Energy Monitor (req. DC590 or DC2026) $100.00
Buy Now

Companion Boards

Part Number Description Price Documentation
DC2026C Linduino One Isolated USB Demo Board: An Arduino- and QuikEval-Compatible Code Development Platform $75.00
DC590B Isolated USB Serial Controller for Linear Technology QuikEval-Compatible Demo Boards $50.00
Buy Now
Click here to view our complete list of demo boards

Applications

  • Telecom Infrastructure
  • Industrial Equipment
  • General Purpose Energy Measurement

Product Notifications

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Design Tools

LTspice

LTspice® software is a powerful, fast and free simulation tool, schematic capture and waveform viewer with enhancements and models for improving the simulation of switching regulators. Click here to download LTspice

Models for the following parts are available in LTspice:
LTC2946

Linduino

Linduino is an Arduino compatible platform for developing and distributing firmware libraries and code for SPI and I²C-compatible integrated circuits. The Linduino One board interfaces to more than 300 QuikEval demonstration cards, supporting a variety of product types including analog-to-digital converters (ADCs)digital-to-analog converters (DACs)power monitors, and more. Firmware libraries for individual devices are written in C and designed to be portable to a wide variety of processors and microcontrollers. Each library has a demonstration program that can be uploaded to the Linduino One platform to allow the circuit and software to be quickly and easily verified.

Click here for more information on Linduino

Code

Linduino is Linear Technology's Arduino compatible system for developing and distributing firmware libraries and example code for Linear Technology’s integrated circuits. The code below can be downloaded or copied and pasted into your project. Please visit the Linduino Home Page for demo board, manual and setup information.

This part is Code Supported: There is example code available for this part. The code below may rely on other drivers available in the full library.

Download LTC2946 - DC2156A Linduino.INO File

/*!
DC2156A
LTC2946: 12-Bit Wide Range Power, Charge and Energy Monitor

@verbatim

Setting the Alert Thresholds:
    1. Select the Alert option from the main menu.
    2. Select the desired Thresholds to be changed. Then enter the minimum and maximum
       values. 
    3. Select the Enable and Disable Alert Option and Enable the desired alerts.
    4. Lastly, go back to the main menu and start reading values in Continuous Mode
       or Snapshot Mode.
       Note: Alerts only respond when conversion is done. Therefore, in continuous
       mode the alerts will constantly be updated. 
       
Reading and Clearing an Alert:
    1. Select the Alert option from the main menu.
    2. Select the Read and Clear Alerts option. This reads all faults that occured
       and clears the alerts.  

NOTES
 Setup:
 Set the terminal baud rate to 115200 and select the newline terminator.
 Requires a power supply.
 Refer to demo manual DC2156A.

USER INPUT DATA FORMAT:
 decimal : 1024
 hex     : 0x400
 octal   : 02000  (leading 0 "zero")
 binary  : B10000000000
 float   : 1024.0

@endverbatim

REVISION HISTORY
$Revision: 2348 $
$Date: 2014-04-14 13:46:45 -0700 (Mon, 14 Apr 2014) $

Copyright (c) 2013, Linear Technology Corp.(LTC)
All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this
   list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
   this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
   and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND
ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR
ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
(INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

The views and conclusions contained in the software and documentation are those
of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing official policies,
either expressed or implied, of Linear Technology Corp.

The Linear Technology Linduino is not affiliated with the official Arduino team.
However, the Linduino is only possible because of the Arduino team's commitment
to the open-source community.  Please, visit http://www.arduino.cc and
http://store.arduino.cc , and consider a purchase that will help fund their
ongoing work.
 */

/*! @file
    @ingroup LTC2946
*/

#include <Arduino.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include "Linduino.h"
#include "LT_I2C.h"
#include "LT_SPI.h"
#include "UserInterface.h"
#include "QuikEval_EEPROM.h"
#include "LTC2946.h"
#include <Wire.h>
#include <SPI.h>

// Function Declaration
void print_title();                 // Print the title block
void print_prompt();                // Print the Prompt
void store_alert_settings();        // Store the alert settings to the EEPROM
int8_t restore_alert_settings();    // Read the alert settings from EEPROM

int8_t menu_1_continuous_mode(uint8_t CTRLA, uint8_t VOLTAGE_SEL, float scale);
int8_t menu_2_snapshot_mode(uint8_t VOLTAGE_SEL, float scale);
int8_t menu_2_snapshot_mode_menu_1_SENSE();
int8_t menu_2_snapshot_mode_menu_2_ADIN(float scale);
int8_t menu_2_snapshot_mode_menu_3_VDD();
int8_t menu_2_snapshot_mode_menu_4_Current();
int8_t menu_3_alert(uint8_t VOLTAGE_SEL, float scale);
int8_t menu_3_alert_menu_1_set_power_alerts(uint8_t VOLTAGE_SEL, float scale);
int8_t menu_3_alert_menu_2_set_current_alerts();
int8_t menu_3_alert_menu_3_set_vin_alerts();
int8_t menu_3_alert_menu_4_set_adin_alerts(float scale);
int8_t menu_3_alert_menu_5_enable_disable_alerts();
int8_t menu_3_alert_menu_6_read_clear_faults(); 
int8_t menu_4_shutdown(uint8_t &CTRLB, uint8_t &shutdown);
int8_t menu_5_settings(uint8_t &CTRLA, uint8_t &CTRLB, uint8_t &VOLTAGE_SEL, uint8_t &GPIO_CFG, uint8_t &GPIO3_CTRL, float &scale);
int8_t menu_5_settings_menu_1_configure_CTRLA_reg(uint8_t CTRLA, uint8_t VOLTAGE_SEL); 
int8_t menu_5_settings_menu_2_configure_CTRLB_reg(uint8_t CTRLB);
int8_t menu_5_settings_menu_3_configure_GPIO(uint8_t GPIO_CFG, uint8_t GPIO3_CTRL);
int8_t menu_6_clear_min_max();  



#define CONTINUOUS_MODE_DISPLAY_DELAY 2000                  //!< The delay between readings

const float resistor = .02;         //!< resistor value on demo board
const float CLK_FREQ = 4E6;         //!< CLK Frequency


// LSB Weights
const float LTC2946_ADIN_lsb = 5.001221E-04;                      //!< Typical ADIN lsb weight in volts
const float LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb = 2.5006105E-05;              //!< Typical Delta lsb weight in volts
const float LTC2946_VIN_lsb = 2.5006105E-02;                      //!< Typical VIN lsb weight in volts
const float LTC2946_Power_lsb = 6.25305E-07;                      //!< Typical POWER lsb weight in V^2 VIN_lsb * DELTA_SENSE_lsb
const float LTC2946_ADIN_DELTA_SENSE_lsb = 1.25061E-08;           //!< Typical sense lsb weight in V^2  *ADIN_lsb * DELTA_SENSE_lsb
const float LTC2946_INTERNAL_TIME_lsb = 4101.00/250000.00;        //!< Internal TimeBase lsb. Use LTC2946_TIME_lsb if an external CLK is used. See Settings menu for how to calculate Time LSB.

static float LTC2946_TIME_lsb = 16.39543E-3;                       //!< Static variable which is based off of the default clk frequency of 250KHz.

// Error string
const char ack_error[] = "Error: No Acknowledge. Check I2C Address."; //!< Error message

// Global variables
static int8_t demo_board_connected;        //!< Set to 1 if the board is connected
static uint8_t alert1_code = 0;             //!< Value stored or read from ALERT1 register.  Shared between loop() and restore_alert_settings()
static uint8_t alert2_code = 0;            //!< Value stored or read from ALERT2 register.  Shared between loop() and restore_alert_settings()
static bool internalCLK = true;

//! Initialize Linduino
void setup()
{
  char demo_name[] = "DC2156";      // Demo Board Name stored in QuikEval EEPROM

  quikeval_I2C_init();              //! Configure the EEPROM I2C port for 100kHz
  quikeval_I2C_connect();           //! Connects to main I2C port
  Serial.begin(115200);             //! Initialize the serial port to the PC
  print_title();                    //! Print Title
  demo_board_connected = discover_demo_board(demo_name);
  if(!demo_board_connected){
	Serial.println(F("Demo board not detected, will attempt to proceed"));
	demo_board_connected = true;
  }
  if (demo_board_connected)
  {
    restore_alert_settings();
    print_prompt();
  }
}

//! Repeats Linduino loop
void loop()
{
  int8_t ack = 0;                               // I2C acknowledge indicator
  static uint8_t user_command;                  // The user input command
 
  static uint8_t CTRLA = LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_V_C_3|LTC2946_SENSE_PLUS|LTC2946_OFFSET_CAL_EVERY|LTC2946_ADIN_GND;  //! Set Control A register to default value.
  static uint8_t CTRLB = LTC2946_DISABLE_ALERT_CLEAR&LTC2946_DISABLE_SHUTDOWN&LTC2946_DISABLE_CLEARED_ON_READ&LTC2946_DISABLE_STUCK_BUS_RECOVER&LTC2946_ENABLE_ACC&LTC2946_DISABLE_AUTO_RESET; //! Set Control B Register to default value
  static uint8_t GPIO_CFG = LTC2946_GPIO1_OUT_LOW |LTC2946_GPIO2_IN_ACC|LTC2946_GPIO3_OUT_ALERT;  //! Set GPIO_CFG Register to Default value
  static uint8_t GPIO3_CTRL = LTC2946_GPIO3_OUT_HIGH_Z;                                           //! Set GPIO3_CTRL to Default Value 
  static uint8_t VOLTAGE_SEL = LTC2946_SENSE_PLUS;                                                //! Set Voltage selection to default value.
  static uint8_t shutdown = 0;                                                                    //! Set Shutdown = 1 to put part in shutdown. This is done through menu item 4.


  static float scale = 102.4/2/046;                           //! Stores division ration for resistive divider on ADIN pin.  Configured inside "Settings" menu.

  if (demo_board_connected)                                   //! Do nothing if the demo board is not connected
  {
    if (Serial.available())                                   //! Do nothing if serial is not available
    {
      user_command = read_int();                              //! Read user input command
      if (user_command != 'm')
        Serial.println(user_command);
      Serial.println();
      ack = 0;
      switch (user_command)                                         //! Prints the appropriate submenu
      {
        case 1:
          ack |= menu_1_continuous_mode(CTRLA, VOLTAGE_SEL, scale);  //! Continuous Mode Measurement
          break ;

         case 2:
           ack |= menu_2_snapshot_mode(VOLTAGE_SEL, scale);         //! SnapShot Mode Measurement
           break;

         case 3:
           ack |= menu_3_alert(VOLTAGE_SEL, scale);                 //! Alert and Threshold Menu
           break;

         case 4:
           ack |= menu_4_shutdown(&CTRLB, &shutdown);              //! Toggle Shutdown Down Mode
           break;

         case 5:
           menu_5_settings(&CTRLA, &CTRLB, &VOLTAGE_SEL, &GPIO_CFG, &GPIO3_CTRL, &scale);  // Settings
           break;

         case 6:
           ack |= menu_6_clear_min_max();  // Clear Min/Max
           break;

        default:
          Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
          break;
      }
      if (ack != 0)
        Serial.println(ack_error);
      Serial.print(F("*************************"));
      print_prompt();
    }
  }
}

// Function Definitions
//! Print the title block
void print_title()
{
  Serial.println(F("\n*****************************************************************"));
  Serial.print(F("* DC2156 Demonstration Program                                  *\n"));
  Serial.print(F("*                                                               *\n"));
  Serial.print(F("* This program communicates with the LTC2946 12-Bit Wide Range  *\n"));
  Serial.print(F("* I2C Energy and Power Monitor found on the DC2156 demo board.  *\n"));
  Serial.print(F("* Set the baud rate to 115200 and select the newline terminator.*\n"));
  Serial.print(F("*                                                               *\n"));
  Serial.print(F("*****************************************************************\n"));
}

//! Print the Prompt
void print_prompt()
{
  Serial.print(F("\n1-Continuous Mode\n"));
  Serial.print(F("2-Snapshot Mode\n"));
  Serial.print(F("3-Alert and Threshold Menu\n"));
  Serial.print(F("4-Toggle Shutdown Mode\n"));
  Serial.print(F("5-Settings\n"));
  Serial.print(F("6-Clear Min/Max\n\n"));
  Serial.print(F("Enter a command: "));
}

//! Continuous Mode.
int8_t menu_1_continuous_mode(uint8_t CTRLA,                    //!< CTRLA Register sets the mode in which Continious measurements are made. Configured in "Settings" menu.
                              uint8_t VOLTAGE_SEL,              //!< VOLTAGE_SEL variable represents the voltage channel selected. Scaling is done if ADIN channel is selected and resistive dividers are present.
                             float scale)                       //!< Stores division ratio for resistive divider on ADIN pin.  Configured inside "Settings" menu.
//! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
{
  uint8_t LTC2946_mode;

  int8_t ack = 0;

  LTC2946_mode = CTRLA;                                                         //! Set the configuration of the CTRLA Register.
  Serial.println();
  ack |= LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_CTRLA_REG, LTC2946_mode);   //! Sets the LTC2946 to continuous mode


  //! Measurement Loop. Keeps Measuring until 'm' is pressed.
  //! Measurement is done by first reading the adc code and then converting it to the respective value.
  do
  {
    if (VOLTAGE_SEL != LTC2946_ADIN)
    {

      Serial.print(F("*************************\n\n"));

      uint32_t power_code, max_power_code, min_power_code;
      ack |= LTC2946_read_24_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_POWER_MSB2_REG, &power_code);                 
      ack |= LTC2946_read_24_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_POWER_MSB2_REG, &max_power_code);        
      ack |= LTC2946_read_24_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_POWER_MSB2_REG, &min_power_code);       


      float power, max_power, min_power;  // Store power results
      power = LTC2946_code_to_power(power_code, resistor, LTC2946_Power_lsb);                                
      max_power = LTC2946_code_to_power(max_power_code, resistor, LTC2946_Power_lsb);                       
      min_power = LTC2946_code_to_power(min_power_code, resistor, LTC2946_Power_lsb);                       

      Serial.print(F("****Power: "));
      Serial.print(power, 4);
      Serial.print(F(" W\n"));

      Serial.print(F("Max Power: "));
      Serial.print(max_power, 4);
      Serial.print(F(" W\n"));

      Serial.print(F("Min Power: "));
      Serial.print(min_power, 4);
      Serial.print(F(" W\n"));
    }
    else 
    {
      Serial.print(F("*************************"));
      Serial.println();
      Serial.println();

      uint32_t power_code, max_power_code, min_power_code;
      ack |= LTC2946_read_24_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_POWER_MSB2_REG, &power_code);
      ack |= LTC2946_read_24_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_POWER_MSB2_REG, &max_power_code);
      ack |= LTC2946_read_24_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_POWER_MSB2_REG, &min_power_code);

      float power, max_power, min_power;
      power = LTC2946_code_to_power(power_code, resistor, LTC2946_ADIN_DELTA_SENSE_lsb) * scale;
      max_power = LTC2946_code_to_power(max_power_code, resistor, LTC2946_ADIN_DELTA_SENSE_lsb) * scale;
      min_power = LTC2946_code_to_power(min_power_code, resistor, LTC2946_ADIN_DELTA_SENSE_lsb) * scale;

      Serial.print(F("\n***ADIN Power: "));
      Serial.print(power, 4);
      Serial.print(F(" W\n"));

      Serial.print(F("Max ADIN Power: "));
      Serial.print(max_power, 4);
      Serial.print(F(" W\n"));

      Serial.print(F("Min ADIN Power: "));
      Serial.print(min_power, 4);
      Serial.print(F(" W\n"));
    }

    uint16_t current_code, max_current_code, min_current_code;
    ack |= LTC2946_read_12_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_REG, &current_code);
    ack |= LTC2946_read_12_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_REG, &max_current_code);
    ack |= LTC2946_read_12_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_REG, &min_current_code);

    float current, max_current, min_current;
    current = LTC2946_code_to_current(current_code, resistor, LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb);
    max_current = LTC2946_code_to_current(max_current_code, resistor, LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb);
    min_current = LTC2946_code_to_current(min_current_code, resistor, LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb);

    Serial.print(F("\n****Current: "));
    Serial.print(current, 4);
    Serial.print(F(" A\n"));

    Serial.print(F("Max Current: "));
    Serial.print(max_current, 4);
    Serial.print(F(" A\n"));

    Serial.print(F("Min Current: "));
    Serial.print(min_current, 4);
    Serial.print(F(" A\n"));

    uint16_t VIN_code, max_VIN_code, min_VIN_code;
    ack |= LTC2946_read_12_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_VIN_MSB_REG, &VIN_code);
    ack |= LTC2946_read_12_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_VIN_MSB_REG, &max_VIN_code);
    ack |= LTC2946_read_12_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_VIN_MSB_REG, &min_VIN_code);

    float VIN, max_VIN, min_VIN;
    VIN = LTC2946_VIN_code_to_voltage(VIN_code , LTC2946_VIN_lsb);
    max_VIN = LTC2946_VIN_code_to_voltage(max_VIN_code, LTC2946_VIN_lsb);
    min_VIN = LTC2946_VIN_code_to_voltage(min_VIN_code, LTC2946_VIN_lsb);

    Serial.print(F("\n****VIN: "));
    Serial.print(VIN, 4);
    Serial.print(F(" V\n"));

    Serial.print(F("Max VIN: "));
    Serial.print(max_VIN, 4);
    Serial.print(F(" V\n"));

    Serial.print(F("Min VIN: "));
    Serial.print(min_VIN, 4);
    Serial.print(F(" V\n"));

    uint16_t ADIN_code, max_ADIN_code, min_ADIN_code;
    ack |= LTC2946_read_12_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_ADIN_MSB_REG, &ADIN_code);
    ack |= LTC2946_read_12_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_ADIN_MSB_REG, &max_ADIN_code);
    ack |= LTC2946_read_12_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_ADIN_MSB_REG, &min_ADIN_code);

    float ADIN, max_ADIN, min_ADIN;
    ADIN = LTC2946_ADIN_code_to_voltage(ADIN_code, LTC2946_ADIN_lsb)*scale;
    max_ADIN = LTC2946_ADIN_code_to_voltage(max_ADIN_code, LTC2946_ADIN_lsb)*scale;
    min_ADIN = LTC2946_ADIN_code_to_voltage(min_ADIN_code, LTC2946_ADIN_lsb)*scale;

    Serial.print(F("\n****ADIN: "));
    Serial.print(ADIN, 4);
    Serial.print(F(" V\n"));

    Serial.print(F("Max ADIN: "));
    Serial.print(max_ADIN, 4);
    Serial.print(F(" V\n"));

    Serial.print(F("Min ADIN: "));
    Serial.print(min_ADIN, 4);
    Serial.print(F(" V\n"));


    
    uint32_t energy_code;
    ack |= LTC2946_read_32_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_ENERGY_MSB3_REG, &energy_code);

    uint32_t charge_code;
    ack |= LTC2946_read_32_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_CHARGE_MSB3_REG, &charge_code);

    
    uint32_t time_code;
    ack |= LTC2946_read_32_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_TIME_COUNTER_MSB3_REG, &time_code);


    float energy,charge,time;

    if(internalCLK)
    {
    energy = LTC2946_code_to_energy(energy_code,resistor,LTC2946_Power_lsb, LTC2946_INTERNAL_TIME_lsb);
    charge = LTC2946_code_to_coulombs(charge_code,resistor,LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb, LTC2946_INTERNAL_TIME_lsb);
    time = LTC2946_code_to_time(time_code, LTC2946_INTERNAL_TIME_lsb);
    }
    else
    {
    energy = LTC2946_code_to_energy(energy_code,resistor,LTC2946_Power_lsb, LTC2946_TIME_lsb);
    charge = LTC2946_code_to_coulombs(charge_code,resistor,LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb, LTC2946_TIME_lsb);
    time = LTC2946_code_to_time(time_code, LTC2946_TIME_lsb);
    }

    Serial.print(F("**********Accumulators**********\n"));

    Serial.print(F("\n****Energy: "));
    Serial.print(energy, 4);
    Serial.print(F(" J\n"));

    Serial.print(F("****Charge: "));
    Serial.print(charge, 4);
    Serial.print(F(" C\n"));

    Serial.print(F("****Time: "));
    Serial.print(time, 4);
    Serial.print(F(" s\n\n"));

    Serial.print(F("********************************\n"));


    Serial.print(F("m-Main Menu\n\n"));
    Serial.flush();
    delay(CONTINUOUS_MODE_DISPLAY_DELAY);
  }
  while (Serial.available() == false);
  read_int();  // clears the Serial.available
  return(ack);
}

 //! Snapshot Mode Menu
 int8_t menu_2_snapshot_mode(uint8_t VOLTAGE_SEL,    //!< VOLTAGE_SEL variable represents the voltage channel selected. Scaling is done if ADIN channel is selected and resistive dividers are present.
                             float scale)           //!< Stores division ratio for resistive divider on ADIN pin.  Configured inside "Settings" menu.
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;
   //! Print submenu
   Serial.print(F("*************************\n\n"));
   Serial.print(F("Snapshot Mode\n"));
   Serial.print(F("1-SENSE+\n"));
   Serial.print(F("2-ADIN\n"));
   Serial.print(F("3-VDD\n"));
   Serial.print(F("4-Current\n"));
   Serial.print(F("m-Main Menu\n"));
   uint8_t user_command;
   do
   {
     Serial.print(F("\n\nEnter a Command: "));
     user_command = read_int();
     if (user_command == 'm')
       Serial.println("m");
     else
     {
       Serial.println(user_command);
     }
     if (user_command != 'm')
     {
       Serial.print(F("*************************\n\n"));
       Serial.print(F("Snapshot Mode\n"));
       Serial.print(F("1-SENSE+\n"));
       Serial.print(F("2-ADIN\n"));
       Serial.print(F("3-VDD\n"));
       Serial.print(F("4-Current\n"));
       Serial.print(F("m-Main Menu\n"));
     }
     Serial.println();
     switch (user_command)
     {
       case 1:  // SENSE+ - Snapshot Mode
         ack |= menu_2_snapshot_mode_menu_1_SENSE();
         break;

       case 2:  // VIN - Snapshot Mode
         ack |= menu_2_snapshot_mode_menu_2_ADIN(scale);
         break;

       case 3:  // ADIN - Snapshot Mode
         ack |= menu_2_snapshot_mode_menu_3_VDD();
         break;
       case 4: //Current - Snapshot Mode
         ack |= menu_2_snapshot_mode_menu_4_Current();
         break;
       default:
         if (user_command != 'm')
           Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
         break;
     }

     if (user_command != 'm')
     {
       Serial.print(F("*************************\n\n"));
       Serial.print(F("Snapshot Mode\n"));
       Serial.print(F("1-SENSE+\n"));
       Serial.print(F("2-ADIN\n"));
       Serial.print(F("3-VDD\n"));
       Serial.print(F("4-Current\n"));
       Serial.print(F("m-Main Menu\n"));
     }

   }
   while (!((user_command == 'm') || (ack)));
   return(ack);
 }

 //! SENSE+ - Snapshot mode
 int8_t menu_2_snapshot_mode_menu_1_SENSE()            
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;
   int8_t LTC2946_mode;
   LTC2946_mode = LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_SNAPSHOT | LTC2946_SENSE_PLUS;
   ack |= LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_CTRLA_REG, LTC2946_mode);

   uint8_t busy;
   do
   {
     ack |= LTC2946_read(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_STATUS2_REG, &busy);
   }
   while (0x8 & busy);

   uint16_t voltage_code;
   ack |= LTC2946_read_12_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_VIN_MSB_REG, &voltage_code);

   float voltage;
   voltage = LTC2946_VIN_code_to_voltage(voltage_code, LTC2946_VIN_lsb);
   Serial.print(F("SENSE+: "));
   Serial.print(voltage, 4);
   Serial.print(F(" V\n\n"));
   return(ack);
 }

 //! ADIN - Snapshot Mode
 int8_t menu_2_snapshot_mode_menu_2_ADIN(float scale)
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;
   int8_t LTC2946_mode;
   LTC2946_mode = LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_SNAPSHOT | LTC2946_ADIN;
   ack |= LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_CTRLA_REG, LTC2946_mode);

   uint8_t busy;
   do
   {
     ack |= LTC2946_read(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_STATUS2_REG, &busy);
   }
   while (0x8 & busy);

   uint16_t ADIN_code;
   ack |= LTC2946_read_12_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_ADIN_MSB_REG, &ADIN_code);

   float ADIN;
   ADIN = LTC2946_ADIN_code_to_voltage(ADIN_code, LTC2946_ADIN_lsb)*scale;
   Serial.print(F("ADIN: "));
   Serial.print(ADIN, 4);
   Serial.print(F(" V\n\n"));
   return(ack);
 }

 //! VDD - Snapshot Mode
 int8_t menu_2_snapshot_mode_menu_3_VDD()
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;
   int8_t LTC2946_mode;
   LTC2946_mode = LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_SNAPSHOT | LTC2946_VDD;
   ack |= LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_CTRLA_REG, LTC2946_mode);

   uint8_t busy;
   do
   {
     ack |= LTC2946_read(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_STATUS2_REG, &busy);
   }
   while (0x8 & busy);

   uint16_t VDD_code;
   ack |= LTC2946_read_12_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_VIN_MSB_REG, &VDD_code);

   float VDD;
   VDD = LTC2946_VIN_code_to_voltage(VDD_code, LTC2946_VIN_lsb);
   Serial.print(F("VDD: "));
   Serial.print(VDD, 4);
   Serial.print(F(" V\n\n"));
   return(ack);
 }

  //! Current - Snapshot Mode
 int8_t menu_2_snapshot_mode_menu_4_Current()
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;
   int8_t LTC2946_mode;
   LTC2946_mode = LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_SNAPSHOT | LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE;
   ack |= LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_CTRLA_REG, LTC2946_mode);

   uint8_t busy;
   do
   {
     ack |= LTC2946_read(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_STATUS2_REG, &busy);        //!< Check to see if conversion is still in process
   }
   while (0x8 & busy);

   uint16_t current_code;
   ack |= LTC2946_read_12_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_REG, &current_code);

   float current;
   current = LTC2946_code_to_current(current_code, resistor, LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb);
   Serial.print(F("Current: "));
   Serial.print(current, 4);
   Serial.print(F(" A\n\n"));
   return(ack);
 }


 //! Alert and Threshold Menu
 int8_t menu_3_alert(uint8_t VOLTAGE_SEL,   //!< Voltage Selection Variable.
                            float scale)   //!< Stores division ratio for resistive divider on ADIN pin.  Configured inside "Settings" menu.
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;
   int8_t user_command;
   do
   {
    //Print Sub-Menu
     Serial.print(F("*************************\n\n"));
     Serial.print(F("1-Set Power Alert Thresholds\n"));
     Serial.print(F("2-Set Current Alert Thresholds\n"));
     Serial.print(F("3-Set VIN Alert Thresholds\n"));
     Serial.print(F("4-Set ADIN Alert Thresholds\n"));
     Serial.print(F("5-Enable and Disable Alerts\n"));
     Serial.print(F("6-Read and Clear Alerts\n"));
     Serial.print(F("7-Store Alert Settings to EEPROM\n"));
     Serial.print(F("m-Main Menu\n\n"));
     Serial.print(F("Enter a command: "));

     user_command = read_int();
     if (user_command == 'm')
       Serial.println("m");
     else
       Serial.println(user_command);
     Serial.println();
     switch (user_command)
     {
       case 1:
         ack |= menu_3_alert_menu_1_set_power_alerts(VOLTAGE_SEL, scale); // Set Power Alert Thresholds
         break;

       case 2:
         ack |= menu_3_alert_menu_2_set_current_alerts();            // Set Current Alert Thresholds
         break;

       case 3:
         ack |= menu_3_alert_menu_3_set_vin_alerts();                // Set VIN Alert Thresholds
         break;

       case 4:
         ack |= menu_3_alert_menu_4_set_adin_alerts(scale);               // Set ADIN Alert Thresholds
         break;

       case 5:
         ack |= menu_3_alert_menu_5_enable_disable_alerts();         // Enable/Disable Alert Menu
         break;

       case 6:
         ack |= menu_3_alert_menu_6_read_clear_faults();             // Read Fault Register
         break;

       case 7:
         // Read current min/max alarm and store to EEPROM
         store_alert_settings();
         break;
       default:
         if (user_command != 'm')
           Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
         break;
     }
   }
   while (!((user_command == 'm') || (ack)));
   return(ack);
 }

 //! Set Power Alert Thresholds
 int8_t menu_3_alert_menu_1_set_power_alerts(uint8_t VOLTAGE_SEL,   //!< Choose whether power multiplier uses ADIN pin or SENSE pin as voltage input (A0 bit in CONTROL Register A)
                                                    float scale)   //!< Scale value based on resistive divider on the ADIN pin.
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;
   Serial.print(F("Enter Max Power Threshold:"));

   float max_power_threshold;
   max_power_threshold = read_float();
   Serial.println(max_power_threshold, 4);

   int32_t max_power_threshold_code;
   if (VOLTAGE_SEL != LTC2946_ADIN)
     max_power_threshold_code = (max_power_threshold / LTC2946_Power_lsb) * resistor;
   else
     max_power_threshold_code = ((1.0/scale)*(max_power_threshold / LTC2946_ADIN_DELTA_SENSE_lsb)) * resistor;

   ack |= LTC2946_write_24_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_POWER_THRESHOLD_MSB2_REG, max_power_threshold_code);

   Serial.print(F("Enter Min Power Threshold:"));

   float min_power_threshold;
   min_power_threshold = read_float();
   Serial.println(min_power_threshold, 4);

   int32_t min_power_threshold_code;
   if (VOLTAGE_SEL != LTC2946_ADIN)
     min_power_threshold_code = (min_power_threshold / LTC2946_Power_lsb) * resistor;
   else
     min_power_threshold_code = ((1.0/scale)*(min_power_threshold / LTC2946_ADIN_DELTA_SENSE_lsb)) * resistor;
   ack |= LTC2946_write_24_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_POWER_THRESHOLD_MSB2_REG, min_power_threshold_code);
   return(ack);
 }

 //! Set Current Alert Thresholds
 int8_t menu_3_alert_menu_2_set_current_alerts()
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;
   Serial.print(F("Enter Max Current Threshold:"));

   float max_current_threshold;
   max_current_threshold = read_float();
   Serial.println(max_current_threshold, 4);

   int32_t max_current_threshold_code;
   max_current_threshold_code = (max_current_threshold / LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb) * resistor;

   ack |= LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_DELTA_SENSE_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, (max_current_threshold_code << 4));

   Serial.print(F("Enter Min Current Threshold:"));

   float min_current_threshold;
   min_current_threshold = read_float();
   Serial.println(min_current_threshold, 4);

   int32_t min_current_threshold_code;
   min_current_threshold_code = (min_current_threshold / LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb) * resistor;
   ack |= LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_DELTA_SENSE_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, (min_current_threshold_code << 4));
   return(ack);
 }

 //! Set VIN Alert Thresholds
 int8_t menu_3_alert_menu_3_set_vin_alerts()
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;
   Serial.print(F("Enter Max VIN Threshold:"));

   float max_VIN_threshold;
   max_VIN_threshold = read_float();
   Serial.println(max_VIN_threshold, 4);

   int32_t max_VIN_threshold_code;
   max_VIN_threshold_code = max_VIN_threshold / LTC2946_VIN_lsb;
   ack |= LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_VIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, (max_VIN_threshold_code << 4));

   Serial.print(F("Enter Min VIN Threshold:"));

   float min_VIN_threshold;
   min_VIN_threshold = read_float();
   Serial.println(min_VIN_threshold, 4);

   int32_t min_VIN_threshold_code;
   min_VIN_threshold_code = min_VIN_threshold / LTC2946_VIN_lsb;
   ack |= LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_VIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, (min_VIN_threshold_code << 4));
   return(ack);
 }

 //! Set ADIN Alert Thresholds
 int8_t menu_3_alert_menu_4_set_adin_alerts(float scale     //!< Scale value based on resistive divider on the ADIN pin.
                                                      )
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;
   Serial.print(F("Enter Max ADIN Threshold:"));

   float max_ADIN_threshold;
   max_ADIN_threshold = read_float();
   Serial.println(max_ADIN_threshold, 4);

   int32_t max_ADIN_threshold_code;
   max_ADIN_threshold_code = ((1.0/scale)*max_ADIN_threshold) / LTC2946_ADIN_lsb;
   ack |= LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_ADIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, (max_ADIN_threshold_code << 4));

   Serial.print(F("Enter Min ADIN Threshold:"));

   float min_ADIN_threshold;
   min_ADIN_threshold = read_float();
   Serial.println(min_ADIN_threshold, 4);

   int32_t min_ADIN_threshold_code;
   min_ADIN_threshold_code = ((1.0/scale)*min_ADIN_threshold) / LTC2946_ADIN_lsb;
   ack |= LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_ADIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, (min_ADIN_threshold_code << 4));
   return(ack);
 }


 //! Enable/Disable Alert Menu
 int8_t menu_3_alert_menu_5_enable_disable_alerts()
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;
   uint8_t user_command;
   do
   {
     Serial.print(F("*************************\n\n"));
     Serial.print(F("1-Enable/Disable ALERT1 Alerts\n"));
     Serial.print(F("2-Enable/Disable ALERT2 Alerts\n"));
     user_command = read_int();
     if (user_command == 'm')
       Serial.println('m');
     else
       Serial.println(user_command);
       switch (user_command)
     {
       case 1: // Enable/Disable Alerts in ALERT1 Register
         ack |= menu_3_alert_menu_5_enable_disable_alerts_menu_1_ALERT1();
         break;
       case 2: // Enable/Disable Alerts in ALERT2 Register
         ack |= menu_3_alert_menu_5_enable_disable_alerts_menu_2_ALERT2();
         break;
       default:
      if (user_command != 'm')
        Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
         break;
   }
 
 }
   while (user_command != 'm');

   return(ack);
 }

 //! Enable/Disable Alert in ALERT1 Register
 int8_t menu_3_alert_menu_5_enable_disable_alerts_menu_1_ALERT1()
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;
   uint8_t user_command;
   do
   {
     //Print Sub-Menu
     Serial.print(F("*************************\n\n"));
     Serial.print(F("1-Enable/Disable Power Alerts\n"));
     Serial.print(F("2-Enable/Disable Current Alerts\n"));
     Serial.print(F("3-Enable/Disable VIN Alerts\n"));
     Serial.print(F("4-Enable/Disable ADIN Alerts\n"));
     Serial.print(F("m-Alert Menu\n\n"));
     Serial.print(F("Enter a command:"));
     user_command = read_int();
     if (user_command == 'm')
       Serial.println('m');
     else
       Serial.println(user_command);
     if (!(user_command == 0))
     {
       Serial.print(F("1-Enable, 2-Disable\n"));
     }
     switch (user_command)
     {
       case 1:
         // ENABLE/Disable Power Alerts
         Serial.print(F("Max Power :"));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           alert1_code = alert1_code | LTC2946_ENABLE_MAX_POWER_ALERT;
         else
           alert1_code = alert1_code & LTC2946_DISABLE_MAX_POWER_ALERT;
         
         Serial.print(F("Min Power :"));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           alert1_code = alert1_code | LTC2946_ENABLE_MIN_POWER_ALERT;
         else
           alert1_code = alert1_code & LTC2946_DISABLE_MIN_POWER_ALERT;
         break;
       case 2:
         // ENABLE/Disable Current Alerts
         Serial.print(F("Max Current :"));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           alert1_code = alert1_code | LTC2946_ENABLE_MAX_I_SENSE_ALERT;
         else
           alert1_code = alert1_code & LTC2946_DISABLE_MAX_I_SENSE_ALERT;

         Serial.print(F("Min Current :"));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           alert1_code = alert1_code | LTC2946_ENABLE_MIN_I_SENSE_ALERT;
         else
           alert1_code = alert1_code & LTC2946_DISABLE_MIN_I_SENSE_ALERT;
         break;
       case 3:
         // ENABLE/Disable VIN Alerts
         Serial.print(F("Max VIN :"));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           alert1_code = alert1_code | LTC2946_ENABLE_MAX_VIN_ALERT;
         else
           alert1_code = alert1_code & LTC2946_DISABLE_MAX_VIN_ALERT;

         Serial.print(F("Min VIN :"));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           alert1_code = alert1_code | LTC2946_ENABLE_MIN_VIN_ALERT;
         else
           alert1_code = alert1_code & LTC2946_DISABLE_MIN_VIN_ALERT;
         break;
       case 4:
         // ENABLE/Disable ADIN Alerts
         Serial.print(F("Max ADIN :"));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           alert1_code = alert1_code | LTC2946_ENABLE_MAX_ADIN_ALERT;
         else
           alert1_code = alert1_code & LTC2946_DISABLE_MAX_ADIN_ALERT;

         Serial.print(F("Min ADIN :"));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           alert1_code = alert1_code | LTC2946_ENABLE_MIN_ADIN_ALERT;
         else
           alert1_code = alert1_code & LTC2946_DISABLE_MIN_ADIN_ALERT;
         break;
       default:
         if (user_command != 'm')
           Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
         break;
     }
   }
   while (user_command != 'm');
   ack |= LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_ALERT1_REG, alert1_code);
   return(ack);
 }

 // Enable/Disable alerts in ALERT2 register
  int8_t menu_3_alert_menu_5_enable_disable_alerts_menu_2_ALERT2()
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;
   uint8_t user_command;
   do
   {
     //Print Menu
     Serial.print(F("*************************\n\n"));
     Serial.print(F("1-Enable/Disable ADC Conversion Alert\n"));
     Serial.print(F("2-Enable/Disable GPIO1 Input Alert\n"));
     Serial.print(F("3-Enable/Disable GPIO2 Input Alert\n"));
     Serial.print(F("4-Enable/Disable Stuck-Bus Timeout Wake-up Alert\n"));
     Serial.print(F("5-Enable/Disable Energy Overflow Alert\n"));
     Serial.print(F("6-Enable/Disable Charge Overflow Alert\n"));
     Serial.print(F("7-Enable/Disable Time Counter Overflow Alert\n"));
     Serial.print(F("m-Alert Menu\n\n"));
     Serial.print(F("Enter a command:"));
     user_command = read_int();
     if (user_command == 'm')
       Serial.println('m');
     else
       Serial.println(user_command);
     if (!(user_command == 0))
     {
       Serial.print(F("1-Enable, 2-Disable\n"));
     }
     switch (user_command)
     {
        case 1:
         // Enable/Disable ADC Conversion Alert
         Serial.print(F("ADC Conv Done: "));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           alert2_code = alert2_code | LTC2946_ENABLE_ADC_DONE_ALERT;
         else
           alert2_code = alert2_code & ~LTC2946_ENABLE_ADC_DONE_ALERT ;
         break;
        case 2:
         // Enable/Disable GPIO1 Input Alert
         Serial.print(F("GPIO1 Input Alert: "));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           alert2_code = alert2_code | LTC2946_ENABLE_GPIO_1_ALERT;
         else
           alert2_code = alert2_code & LTC2946_DISABLE_GPIO_1_ALERT;
         break;
        case 3:
         // Enable/Disable GPIO2 Input Alert
         Serial.print(F("GPIO2 Input Alert: "));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           alert2_code = alert2_code | LTC2946_ENABLE_GPIO_2_ALERT;
         else
           alert2_code = alert2_code & LTC2946_DISABLE_GPIO_2_ALERT;
         break;
       case 4:
         // Enable/Disable Stuck-Bus Timeout Wake-Up Alert
         Serial.print(F("Stuck-Bus Timeout Wake-Up Alert: "));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           alert2_code = alert2_code | LTC2946_ENABLE_STUCK_BUS_WAKE_ALERT;
         else
           alert2_code = alert2_code & LTC2946_DISABLE_STUCK_BUS_WAKE_ALERT;
         break;
       case 5:
         // Enable/Disable Energy Overflow Alert
         Serial.print(F("Energy Overflow Alert: "));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           alert2_code = alert2_code | LTC2946_ENABLE_ENERGY_OVERFLOW_ALERT;
         else
           alert2_code = alert2_code & LTC2946_DISABLE_ENERGY_OVERFLOW_ALERT;
         break;
       case 6:
         // Enable/Disable Charge Overflow Alert
         Serial.print(F("Charge Overflow Alert: "));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           alert2_code = alert2_code | LTC2946_ENABLE_CHARGE_OVERFLOW_ALERT;
         else
           alert2_code = alert2_code & LTC2946_DISABLE_CHARGE_OVERFLOW_ALERT;
         break;
       case 7:
         // Enable/Disable Time Counter Overflow Alert
         Serial.print(F("Time Counter Overflow Alert: "));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           alert2_code = alert2_code | LTC2946_ENABLE_COUNTER_OVERFLOW_ALERT;
         else
           alert2_code = alert2_code & LTC2946_DISABLE_COUNTER_OVERFLOW_ALERT;
         break;
       default:
         if (user_command != 'm')
           Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
         break;
     }
   }
   while (user_command != 'm');
   ack |= LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_ALERT2_REG, alert2_code);
   return(ack);
 }

 //! Read Faults and Clear
 int8_t menu_3_alert_menu_6_read_clear_faults()
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;
   uint8_t fault_code = 0;
   ack |= LTC2946_read(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_FAULT1_REG, &fault_code);
   if (fault_code & 0x80) Serial.print(F("Power Overvalue Fault Occurred\n\n"));
   if (fault_code & 0x40) Serial.print(F("Power Undervalue Fault Occurred\n"));
   if (fault_code & 0x20) Serial.print(F("Current Overvalue Fault Occurred\n"));
   if (fault_code & 0x10) Serial.print(F("Current Undervalue Fault Occurred\n"));
   if (fault_code & 0x08) Serial.print(F("VIN Overvalue Fault Occurred\n"));
   if (fault_code & 0x04) Serial.print(F("VIN Undervalue Fault Occurred\n"));
   if (fault_code & 0x02) Serial.print(F("ADIN Overvalue Fault Occurred\n"));
   if (fault_code & 0x01) Serial.print(F("ADIN Undervalue Fault Occurred\n"));
   ack |= LTC2946_read(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_FAULT2_REG, &fault_code);
   if (fault_code & 0x40) Serial.print(F("GPIO1 Input Fault Occurred\n"));
   if (fault_code & 0x20) Serial.print(F("GPIO2 Input Fault Occurred\n"));
   if (fault_code & 0x10) Serial.print(F("GPIO3 Input Fault Occurred\n"));
   if (fault_code & 0x08) Serial.print(F("Stuck-Bus Timeout Fault Occurred\n"));
   if (fault_code & 0x04) Serial.print(F("Energy Overflow Fault Occurred\n"));
   if (fault_code & 0x02) Serial.print(F("Charge Overflow Fault Occurred\n"));
   if (fault_code & 0x01) Serial.print(F("Time Counter Overflow Fault Occurred\n"));
   if (!fault_code) Serial.print(F("No Alarms Were Present\n\n"));
   else
		{
			fault_code = 0;
			ack |= LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_FAULT1_REG, fault_code);
			ack |= LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_FAULT2_REG, fault_code);
		}
   
   return(ack);
 }

 //! Toggle Shutdown Down Mode
 int8_t menu_4_shutdown(uint8_t *CTRLB, uint8_t *shutdown)
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;
   if(*shutdown == 0)
   {
     *CTRLB = *CTRLB | LTC2946_ENABLE_SHUTDOWN;
    ack |= LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_CTRLB_REG, *CTRLB);
    *shutdown = 1;
    Serial.print(F("LTC2946 Has Been Shutdown\n\n"));
   }
   else
   {
     *CTRLB = *CTRLB & LTC2946_DISABLE_SHUTDOWN;
     ack |= LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_CTRLB_REG, *CTRLB);
    *shutdown = 0;
    Serial.print(F("LTC2946 Is No Longer in Shutdown\n\n"));
   }

  
   return(ack);
 }


 
 //! Change Settings
 int8_t menu_5_settings(uint8_t *CTRLA,           //!< Local Copy of Configuration in CTRLA Register.
                      uint8_t *CTRLB,             //!< Local Copy of Configuration in CTRLB Register.
                      uint8_t *VOLTAGE_SEL,       //!< Local Copy of Voltage Selection Channel. 
                      uint8_t *GPIO_CFG,          //!< Local Copy of GPIO_CFG Register. Allows Configuration of GPIO1 and GPIO2 Pin states.
                      uint8_t *GPIO3_CTRL,        //!< Local Copy of GPIO3_CTRL Register. Allows Configuration of GPIO3 Pin
                      float *scale)               //!< Stores division ratio for resistive divider on ADIN pin.
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;
   uint8_t user_command;
   do
   {
     //Print Sub Menu
     Serial.print(F("*************************\n\n"));
     Serial.print(F("1-Configure CTRLA Register\n"));
     Serial.print(F("2-Configure CTRLB Register\n"));
     Serial.print(F("3-Configure GPIO Pins\n"));
     Serial.print(F("4-Set scaling value for ADIN pin\n"));
     Serial.print(F("m-Main Menu\n\n"));
     Serial.print(F("Enter a command:"));
     user_command = read_int();
     if (user_command == 'm')
       Serial.println('m');
     else
       Serial.println(user_command);
       switch (user_command)
     {
       case 1:
         ack |= menu_5_settings_menu_1_configure_CTRLA_reg(CTRLA, VOLTAGE_SEL); //Configure CTRLA Register.
         break;
       case 2:
         ack |= menu_5_settings_menu_2_configure_CTRLB_reg(CTRLB);              //Configure CTRLB Register.
         break;
       case 3:
         ack |= menu_5_settings_menu_3_configure_GPIO(GPIO_CFG, GPIO3_CTRL);    //Configure GPIO pins.
       default:
      if (user_command != 'm')
        Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
         break;
   }
 
 }
   while (user_command != 'm');

   return(ack);
 }
 //! Configure CTRLA Register.
int8_t menu_5_settings_menu_1_configure_CTRLA_reg(uint8_t *CTRLA,               //!<Local Copy of CTRLA Register.
                                                  uint8_t *VOLTAGE_SEL)         //!<Local Copy of VOLTAGE_SEL. Indicates which voltage channel has been selected for power measurement.
//! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.

{
   int8_t ack = 0;
   uint8_t user_command;
   Serial.println(*CTRLA);
   do
   {
     // Print Sub-Menu
     Serial.print(F("*************************\n\n"));
     Serial.print(F("1-Configure ADIN reference\n"));
     Serial.print(F("2-Configure Offset Calibration\n"));
     Serial.print(F("3-Configure Voltage Selection\n"));
     Serial.print(F("4-Configure Measurement Channel\n"));
     Serial.print(F("m-Settings Menu\n\n"));
     Serial.print(F("Enter a command:"));
     user_command = read_int();
     if (user_command == 'm')
       Serial.println('m');
     else
       Serial.println(user_command);
     switch (user_command)
     {
        case 1:
         menu_5_settings_menu_1_configure_CTRLA_reg_menu_1_ADIN_Configuration(CTRLA);     //!< Configure the ADIN reference to GND/INTVCC
         break;
        case 2:
        menu_5_settings_menu_1_configure_CTRLA_reg_menu_2_Offset_Configuration(CTRLA);    //!< Configure frequency of offset calibration
        break;
        case 3:
        menu_5_settings_menu_1_configure_CTRLA_reg_menu_3_Voltage_Configuration(CTRLA, VOLTAGE_SEL);  //!< Select the voltage measurement channel 
         break;
       case 4:
        menu_5_settings_menu_1_configure_CTRLA_reg_menu_4_Channel_Configuration(CTRLA);    //!< Select duty cycle of measurments and channel configuration.
         break;
       default:
         if (user_command != 'm')
           Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
         break;
     }
   }
   while (user_command != 'm');

   ack |= LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_CTRLA_REG, *CTRLA);

   return(ack);
}


//! Configure the ADIN reference to GND/INTVCC
void menu_5_settings_menu_1_configure_CTRLA_reg_menu_1_ADIN_Configuration(uint8_t *CTRLA)
{

         uint8_t user_command;
         //Print Sub-Menu
         Serial.print(F("1-ADIN Measured with Respect to INTVCC\n"));
         Serial.print(F("2-ADIN Measured with Respect to GND\n\n"));
         Serial.print(F("Enter a command:"));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 1))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
         {
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA & LTC2946_CTRLA_ADIN_MASK;
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA | LTC2946_ADIN_INTVCC;
           Serial.print(F("CTRLA set to measure ADIN with respect to INTVCC\n"));
         }
         else
         {
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA & LTC2946_CTRLA_ADIN_MASK;
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA | LTC2946_ADIN_GND;
           Serial.print(F("CTRLA set to measure ADIN with respect to GND\n"));
         }

}

//! Configure frequency of offset calibration
void menu_5_settings_menu_1_configure_CTRLA_reg_menu_2_Offset_Configuration(uint8_t *CTRLA)
{
        uint8_t user_command;
        //Print Sub-Menu
         Serial.print(F("1-1st powerup or use last calibrated result\n"));
         Serial.print(F("2-Once every 128 conversions\n"));
         Serial.print(F("3-Once every 16 conversions\n"));
         Serial.print(F("4-Every conversion\n\n"));
         Serial.print(F("Enter a command:"));
         user_command = read_int();
         Serial.println(user_command);
         switch(user_command)
         {
         case 1:
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA & LTC2946_CTRLA_OFFSET_MASK;
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA | LTC2946_OFFSET_CAL_LAST;
           Serial.print(F("Offset Calibration set to use last calibrated result\n"));
           break;
         case 2:
            *CTRLA = *CTRLA & LTC2946_CTRLA_OFFSET_MASK;
            *CTRLA = *CTRLA | LTC2946_OFFSET_CAL_128;
            Serial.print(F("Offset Calibration set to once every 128 conversions\n"));
           break;
         case 3:
            *CTRLA = *CTRLA & LTC2946_CTRLA_OFFSET_MASK;
            *CTRLA = *CTRLA | LTC2946_OFFSET_CAL_16;
            Serial.print(F("Offset Calibration set to once every 16 conversions\n"));
           break;
         case 4:
            *CTRLA = *CTRLA & LTC2946_CTRLA_OFFSET_MASK;
            *CTRLA = *CTRLA | LTC2946_OFFSET_CAL_EVERY;
            Serial.print(F("Offset Calibration set to once every conversion\n"));
           break;
         default:
            if (user_command != 'm')
            Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
            break;
         }
}

 //! Select the voltage measurement channel 
void menu_5_settings_menu_1_configure_CTRLA_reg_menu_3_Voltage_Configuration(uint8_t *CTRLA,            //!< Local copy of CTRLA register.
                                                                             uint8_t *VOLTAGE_SEL)      //!< Voltage selection variable.
{
         uint8_t user_command;
         Serial.print(F("1-SENSE+:\n"));
         Serial.print(F("2-ADIN:\n"));
         Serial.print(F("3-VDD:\n\n"));
         Serial.print(F("Enter a command:"));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 3) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 1;
         Serial.println(user_command);
       
         switch(user_command)
         {
         case 1:
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA & LTC2946_CTRLA_VOLTAGE_SEL_MASK;
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA | LTC2946_SENSE_PLUS;
           *VOLTAGE_SEL = LTC2946_SENSE_PLUS;
           Serial.print(F("SENSE+ selected\n"));
           break;
         case 2:
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA & LTC2946_CTRLA_VOLTAGE_SEL_MASK;
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA | LTC2946_ADIN;
           *VOLTAGE_SEL = LTC2946_ADIN;
           Serial.print(F("ADIN selected\n"));
           break;
         case 3:
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA & LTC2946_CTRLA_VOLTAGE_SEL_MASK;
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA | LTC2946_VDD;
           *VOLTAGE_SEL = LTC2946_VDD;
           Serial.print(F("VDD selected\n"));
           break;
         default:
            if (user_command != 'm')
            Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
            break;
         }
}

//!Select duty cycle of measurments and channel configuration. 
void menu_5_settings_menu_1_configure_CTRLA_reg_menu_4_Channel_Configuration(uint8_t *CTRLA)  //!< Local copy of CTRLA Register
{

         uint8_t user_command;
         //Print Sub-Menu
         Serial.print(F("1-Voltage Once Followed by Current Indefinetly\n"));
         Serial.print(F("2-ADIN,Voltage, Current at 1/256, 1/256 and 254/256 Duty Cycle, Respectively\n"));
         Serial.print(F("3-ADIN,Voltage, Current at 1/32, 1/32 and 30/32 Duty Cycle, Respectively\n"));
         Serial.print(F("4-Aleternate ADIN, Voltage and Current Measurement\n"));
         Serial.print(F("5-Voltage and Current at 1/128 and 127/128 Duty Cycle, Respectively\n"));
         Serial.print(F("6-Voltage and Current at 1/16 and 15/16 Duty Cycle, Respectively\n"));
         Serial.print(F("7-Alternate Voltage and Current Measurement\n\n"));
         Serial.print(F("Enter a command:"));
         user_command = read_int();
        Serial.println(user_command);
         switch(user_command)
         {
           Serial.print(F("Selected Mode = "));
         case 1:
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA & LTC2946_CTRLA_CHANNEL_CONFIG_MASK;
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA | LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_V_C;
           Serial.print(F("Voltage Once Followed by Current Indefinetly\n"));
           break;
         case 2:
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA & LTC2946_CTRLA_CHANNEL_CONFIG_MASK;
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA | LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_A_V_C_1;
           Serial.print(F("ADIN,Voltage, Current at 1/256, 1/256 and 254/256 Duty Cycle, Respectively\n"));
           break;
         case 3:
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA & LTC2946_CTRLA_CHANNEL_CONFIG_MASK;
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA | LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_A_V_C_2;
           Serial.print(F("ADIN,Voltage, Current at 1/32, 1/32 and 30/32 Duty Cycle, Respectively\n"));
           break;
         case 4:
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA & LTC2946_CTRLA_CHANNEL_CONFIG_MASK;
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA | LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_A_V_C_3;
           Serial.print(F("Aleternate ADIN, Voltage and Current Measurement\n"));
           break;
         case 5:
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA & LTC2946_CTRLA_CHANNEL_CONFIG_MASK;
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA | LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_V_C_1;
           Serial.print(F("Voltage and Current at 1/128 and 127/128 Duty Cycle, Respectively\n"));
           break;
         case 6:
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA & LTC2946_CTRLA_CHANNEL_CONFIG_MASK;
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA | LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_V_C_2;
           Serial.print(F("Voltage and Current at 1/16 and 15/16 Duty Cycle, Respectively\n"));
           break;
         case 7:
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA & LTC2946_CTRLA_CHANNEL_CONFIG_MASK;
           *CTRLA = *CTRLA | LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_V_C_3;
           Serial.print(F("Alternate Voltage and Current Measurement\n\n"));
           break;
         default:
           if (user_command != 'm')
            Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
            break;
         }

}

//!Configure CTRLB Register.
int8_t menu_5_settings_menu_2_configure_CTRLB_reg(uint8_t *CTRLB) //!< Local copy of CTRLB register. 
//! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
{
   int8_t ack = 0;
   uint8_t user_command;
   do
   {
     //Print Sub-Menu
     Serial.print(F("*************************\n\n"));
     Serial.print(F("1-Enable/Disable Alert Clear Enable\n"));
     Serial.print(F("2-Enable/Disable Shutdown\n"));
     Serial.print(F("3-Enable/Disable Clear On Read\n"));
     Serial.print(F("4-Enable/Disable Stuck Bus Timeout Auto Wake up\n"));
     Serial.print(F("5-Enable/Disable Accumulation\n"));
     Serial.print(F("6-Enable/Disable Auto Reset Mode\n"));
     Serial.print(F("m-Settings Menu\n\n"));
     Serial.print(F("Enter a command:"));
     user_command = read_int();
     if (user_command == 'm')
       Serial.println('m');
     else
       Serial.println(user_command);

     switch (user_command)
     {
        
        case 1:
         Serial.print(F("1-Enable, 2-Disable\n"));
         // ENABLE/Disable ADIN Alerts
         Serial.print(F(" Alert Clear Enable:"));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           *CTRLB = *CTRLB | LTC2946_ENABLE_ALERT_CLEAR;
         else
           *CTRLB = *CTRLB & LTC2946_DISABLE_ALERT_CLEAR;
         break;
        case 2:
         Serial.print(F("1-Enable, 2-Disable\n"));
         Serial.print(F(" Shutdown:"));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           *CTRLB = *CTRLB | LTC2946_ENABLE_SHUTDOWN;
         else
           *CTRLB = *CTRLB & LTC2946_DISABLE_SHUTDOWN;
         break;
        case 3:
         Serial.print(F("1-Enable, 2-Disable\n"));
         Serial.print(F(" Cleared On Read Control:"));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           *CTRLB = *CTRLB | LTC2946_ENABLE_CLEARED_ON_READ;
         else
           *CTRLB = *CTRLB & LTC2946_DISABLE_CLEARED_ON_READ;
         break;
       case 4:
         Serial.print(F("1-Enable, 2-Disable\n"));
         Serial.print(F(" Stuck Bus Timeout Auto Wake Up:"));
         user_command = read_int();
         if ((user_command > 2) || (user_command < 0))
           user_command = 2;
         Serial.println(user_command);
         if (user_command == 1)
           *CTRLB = *CTRLB | LTC2946_ENABLE_STUCK_BUS_RECOVER;
         else
           *CTRLB = *CTRLB & LTC2946_DISABLE_STUCK_BUS_RECOVER;
         break;
       case 5:
         Serial.print(F("1-Follow ACC State\n"));
         Serial.print(F("2-No Accumulate\n"));
         Serial.print(F("3-Accumulate\n"));
         Serial.print(F("Enter Command:"));
         user_command = read_int();
         Serial.println(user_command);
         switch(user_command)
         {
           case 1:
             *CTRLB = *CTRLB & LTC2946_CTRLB_ACC_MASK;
             *CTRLB = *CTRLB | LTC2946_ACC_PIN_CONTROL;
             break;
           case 2:
             *CTRLB = *CTRLB & LTC2946_CTRLB_ACC_MASK;
             *CTRLB = *CTRLB | LTC2946_DISABLE_ACC;
             break;
           case 3:
             *CTRLB = *CTRLB & LTC2946_CTRLB_ACC_MASK;
             *CTRLB = *CTRLB | LTC2946_ENABLE_ACC;
             break;
           default:
           Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
         }
         break;
       case 6:
         Serial.print(F("1-Reset All Registers\n"));
         Serial.print(F("2-Reset Accumulator\n"));
         Serial.print(F("3-Enable Auto-Reset\n"));
         Serial.print(F("4-Disable Auto-Reset\n"));
         Serial.print(F("Enter Command:"));
         user_command = read_int();
         Serial.println(user_command);
         switch(user_command)
         {
           case 1:
             *CTRLB = *CTRLB & LTC2946_CTRLB_RESET_MASK;
             *CTRLB = *CTRLB | LTC2946_RESET_ALL;
             break;
           case 2:
             *CTRLB = *CTRLB & LTC2946_CTRLB_RESET_MASK;
             *CTRLB = *CTRLB | LTC2946_RESET_ACC;
             break;
           case 3:
             *CTRLB = *CTRLB & LTC2946_CTRLB_RESET_MASK;
             *CTRLB = *CTRLB | LTC2946_ENABLE_AUTO_RESET;
             break;
           case 4:
             *CTRLB = *CTRLB & LTC2946_CTRLB_RESET_MASK;
             *CTRLB = *CTRLB | LTC2946_DISABLE_AUTO_RESET;
             break;
           default:
           Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
         }
         break;
       default:
         if (user_command != 'm')
           Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
         break;
     }
   }
   while (user_command != 'm');
   ack |= LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_CTRLB_REG, *CTRLB);
   return(ack);
}

//! Configure GPIO pin States
int8_t menu_5_settings_menu_3_configure_GPIO(uint8_t *GPIO_CFG,         //!< Local copy of GPIO_CFG register. 
                                             uint8_t *GPIO3_CTRL)       //!< Local copy of GPIO3_CTRL register.
//! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
{
   int8_t ack = 0;
   uint8_t user_command;


   do
   {
     //Print Sub-Menu
     Serial.print(F("*************************\n\n"));
     Serial.print(F("1-GPIO1 Configure\n"));
     Serial.print(F("2-GPIO2 Configure\n"));
     Serial.print(F("3-GPIO3 Configure\n"));
     Serial.print(F("m-Settings Menu\n\n"));
     Serial.print(F("Enter a command:"));
     
     user_command = read_int();
     if (user_command == 'm')
       Serial.println('m');
     else
       Serial.println(user_command);

     switch (user_command)
     {
        case 1:   //Configure GPIO1 state
         Serial.print(F("1-General Purpose Input, Active High\n"));
         Serial.print(F("2-General Purpose Input, Active Low\n"));
         Serial.print(F("3-General Purpose Output, Hi-Z\n"));
         Serial.print(F("4-General Purpose Output, Pulls Low\n"));
         user_command = read_int();
            if (user_command == 'm')
               Serial.println('m');
            else
               Serial.println(user_command);
            switch(user_command)
            {
            case 1:
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG & LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO1_MASK;
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG | LTC2946_GPIO1_IN_ACTIVE_HIGH;
              break;
            case 2:
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG & LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO1_MASK;
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG | LTC2946_GPIO1_IN_ACTIVE_LOW;
              break;
             case 3:
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG & LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO1_MASK;
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG | LTC2946_GPIO1_OUT_HIGH_Z;
              break;
             case 4:
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG & LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO1_MASK;
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG | LTC2946_GPIO1_OUT_LOW;
              break;
             default:
              Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
            }
            Serial.println(*GPIO_CFG);
         break;
        case 2:   //Configure GPIO2 state
         Serial.print(F("1-General Purpose Input, Active High\n"));
         Serial.print(F("2-General Purpose Input, Active Low\n"));
         Serial.print(F("3-General Purpose Output, Hi-Z\n"));
         Serial.print(F("4-General Purpose Output, Pulls Low\n"));
         Serial.print(F("5-Accumulate Input\n"));
         user_command = read_int();
            if (user_command == 'm')
               Serial.println('m');
            else
               Serial.println(user_command);
            switch(user_command)
            {
            case 1:
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG & LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO2_MASK;
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG | LTC2946_GPIO2_IN_ACTIVE_HIGH;
              break;
            case 2:
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG & LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO2_MASK;
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG | LTC2946_GPIO2_IN_ACTIVE_LOW;
              break;
             case 3:
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG & LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO2_MASK & LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO2_OUT_MASK;
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG | LTC2946_GPIO2_OUT_HIGH_Z;
              break;
             case 4:
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG & LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO2_MASK & LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO2_OUT_MASK;
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG | LTC2946_GPIO2_OUT_LOW;
              break;
             case 5:
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG & LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO2_MASK;
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG | LTC2946_GPIO2_IN_ACC;
              break;
             default:
              Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
            }
            Serial.println(*GPIO_CFG);
            break;
        case 3:   //Confugure GPIO3 state
         Serial.print(F("1-General Purpose Input, Active High\n"));
         Serial.print(F("2-General Purpose Input, Active Low\n"));
         Serial.print(F("3-General Purpose Output, Hi-Z\n"));
         Serial.print(F("4-General Purpose Output, Pulls Low\n"));
         Serial.print(F("5-ALERT/ Output\n"));
         user_command = read_int();
            if (user_command == 'm')
               Serial.println('m');
            else
               Serial.println(user_command);
            switch(user_command)
            {
            case 1:
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG & LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO3_MASK;
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG | LTC2946_GPIO3_IN_ACTIVE_HIGH;
              break;
            case 2:
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG & LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO3_MASK;
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG | LTC2946_GPIO3_IN_ACTIVE_LOW;
              break;
             case 3:
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG & LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO3_MASK;
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG | LTC2946_GPIO3_OUT_REG_42;
              *GPIO3_CTRL = *GPIO3_CTRL & LTC2946_GPIO3_CTRL_GPIO3_MASK;
              *GPIO3_CTRL = *GPIO3_CTRL | LTC2946_GPIO3_OUT_HIGH_Z;
              break;
             case 4:
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG & LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO3_MASK;
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG | LTC2946_GPIO3_OUT_REG_42;
              *GPIO3_CTRL = *GPIO3_CTRL & LTC2946_GPIO3_CTRL_GPIO3_MASK;
              *GPIO3_CTRL = *GPIO3_CTRL | LTC2946_GPIO3_OUT_LOW;
              break;
             case 5:
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG & LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO3_MASK;
              *GPIO_CFG = *GPIO_CFG | LTC2946_GPIO3_OUT_ALERT;
              break;
             default:
              Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
            }
            Serial.println(*GPIO_CFG);
            Serial.println(*GPIO3_CTRL);
         break;
       default:
         if (user_command != 'm')
           Serial.println("Incorrect Option");
         break;
     }
   ack |= LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_GPIO_CFG_REG, *GPIO_CFG);
   ack |= LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_GPIO3_CTRL_REG, *GPIO3_CTRL);
   }
   while (user_command != 'm');
   return(ack);
}



//! Select duty cycle of measurments and channel configuration.
void menu_5_settings_menu_4_scaling_for_ADIN(uint8_t *scale)      //!< Stores division ratio for resistive divider on ADIN pin.
{
  
   float user_value;

   Serial.print(F("Enter desired maximum voltage for ADIN pin measurement\n"));
   Serial.print(F("Note: Ensure that you have the proper resistor divider ratio on the ADIN pin for this voltage level\n"));

   user_value = read_float();
   *scale = user_value/2.048;
   Serial.print(user_value);
   Serial.print(F("Scale = "));
   Serial.print(*scale);
}

 //! Clear Min/Max
 int8_t menu_6_clear_min_max()
 //! @return Returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
 {
   int8_t ack = 0;

   ack |= LTC2946_write_24_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_POWER_MSB2_REG, LTC2946_MAX_POWER_MSB2_RESET);
   ack |= LTC2946_write_24_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_POWER_MSB2_REG, LTC2946_MIN_POWER_MSB2_RESET);
   ack |= LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_REG, LTC2946_MAX_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_RESET);
   ack |= LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_REG, LTC2946_MIN_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_RESET);
   ack |= LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_VIN_MSB_REG, LTC2946_MAX_VIN_MSB_RESET);
   ack |= LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_VIN_MSB_REG, LTC2946_MIN_VIN_MSB_RESET);
   ack |= LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_ADIN_MSB_REG, LTC2946_MAX_ADIN_MSB_RESET);
   ack |= LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_ADIN_MSB_REG, LTC2946_MIN_ADIN_MSB_RESET);
   Serial.println();
   Serial.print(F("Min/Max Cleared.\n\n"));
   return(ack);
 }

 //! Used to manipulate EEPROM data.
 union eeprom_data_union
 {
   struct data_struct_type               //! EEPROM data structure  
   {
     int16_t cal_key;                    //!< The key that keeps track of the calibration
     uint8_t alert1;                     //!< Used to store the ALERT1 settings
     uint8_t alert2;                     //!< Used to store the ALERT2 settings
     uint32_t max_power_threshold;        //!< Used to store max power alert settings
     uint32_t min_power_threshold;        //!< Used to store min power alert settings
     uint16_t max_delta_sense_thresh;    //!< Used to store max delta sense alert settings
     uint16_t min_delta_sense_thresh;    //!< Used to store min delta sense alert settings
     uint16_t max_Vin_thresh;            //!< Used to store max Vin alert settings
     uint16_t min_Vin_thresh;            //!< Used to store min Vin alert settings
     uint16_t max_adin_thresh;           //!< Used to store adin max alert settings
     uint16_t min_adin_thresh;           //!< Used to store adin min alert settings
     } data_struct;                        //!< Name of structure

   char byte_array[sizeof(data_struct_type)]; //!< Array used to store the structure
 };

 //! Read the alert settings from EEPROM
 int8_t restore_alert_settings()
 //! @return Return 1 if successful, 0 if not
 {
   int16_t cal_key;

   // Read the cal key from the EEPROM
   eeprom_read_int16(EEPROM_I2C_ADDRESS, &cal_key, EEPROM_CAL_STATUS_ADDRESS);
  
   if (cal_key == EEPROM_CAL_KEY)
   {
     // Calibration has been stored, read thresholds

     eeprom_data_union eeprom;

     eeprom_read_byte_array(EEPROM_I2C_ADDRESS, eeprom.byte_array, EEPROM_CAL_STATUS_ADDRESS, sizeof(eeprom_data_union));
     alert1_code = eeprom.data_struct.alert1;  // Global variable used to communicate with loop()
     alert2_code = eeprom.data_struct.alert2; // Global variable used to communicate with loop()
     LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_ALERT1_REG, eeprom.data_struct.alert1);
     LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_ALERT1_REG, eeprom.data_struct.alert2);
     LTC2946_write_24_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_POWER_THRESHOLD_MSB2_REG, eeprom.data_struct.max_power_threshold);
     LTC2946_write_24_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_POWER_THRESHOLD_MSB2_REG, eeprom.data_struct.min_power_threshold);
     LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_DELTA_SENSE_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, eeprom.data_struct.max_delta_sense_thresh);
     LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_DELTA_SENSE_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, eeprom.data_struct.min_delta_sense_thresh);
     LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_VIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, eeprom.data_struct.max_Vin_thresh);
     LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_VIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, eeprom.data_struct.min_Vin_thresh);
     LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_ADIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, eeprom.data_struct.max_adin_thresh);
     LTC2946_write_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_ADIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, eeprom.data_struct.min_adin_thresh);

     Serial.println("Alert Settings Restored");
     return(1);
   }
   else
   {
     Serial.println("Alert Settings not found");
     return(0);
   }
 }

 //! Store the alert settings to the EEPROM
 void store_alert_settings()
 {
   eeprom_data_union eeprom;

   eeprom.data_struct.cal_key = EEPROM_CAL_KEY;

   LTC2946_read(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_ALERT1_REG, &eeprom.data_struct.alert1);
   LTC2946_read(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_ALERT2_REG, &eeprom.data_struct.alert2);
   LTC2946_read_24_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_POWER_THRESHOLD_MSB2_REG, &eeprom.data_struct.max_power_threshold);
   LTC2946_read_24_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_POWER_THRESHOLD_MSB2_REG, &eeprom.data_struct.min_power_threshold);
   LTC2946_read_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_DELTA_SENSE_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, &eeprom.data_struct.max_delta_sense_thresh);
   LTC2946_read_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_DELTA_SENSE_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, &eeprom.data_struct.min_delta_sense_thresh);
   LTC2946_read_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_VIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, &eeprom.data_struct.max_Vin_thresh);
   LTC2946_read_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_VIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, &eeprom.data_struct.min_Vin_thresh);
   LTC2946_read_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MAX_ADIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, &eeprom.data_struct.max_adin_thresh);
   LTC2946_read_16_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_MIN_ADIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG, &eeprom.data_struct.min_adin_thresh);

   eeprom_write_byte_array(EEPROM_I2C_ADDRESS, eeprom.byte_array, EEPROM_CAL_STATUS_ADDRESS, sizeof(eeprom_data_union));

   Serial.println("Alert Settings Stored to EEPROM");
 }

Download LTC2946 Linduino Header File

/*!
 LTC2946: 12-Bit Wide Range Power, Charge and Energy Monitor

@verbatim
 
The LTC®2946 is a rail-to-rail system monitor that measures
current, voltage, power, charge and energy. It features an
operating range of 2.7V to 100V and includes a shunt regulator
for supplies above 100V. The current measurement common mode
range of 0V to 100V is independent of the input supply. 
A 12-bit ADC measures load current, input voltage and an 
auxiliary external voltage. Load current and internally 
calculated power are integrated over an external clock or
crystal or internal oscillator time base for charge and energy.
An accurate time base allows the LTC2946 to provide measurement
accuracy of better than ±0.6% for charge and ±1% for power and
energy. Minimum and maximum values are stored and an overrange
alert with programmable thresholds minimizes the need for software
polling. Data is reported via a standard I2C interface.
Shutdown mode reduces power consumption to 15uA. 
 

I2C DATA FORMAT (MSB FIRST):

Data Out:
Byte #1                                    Byte #2                     Byte #3

START  SA6 SA5 SA4 SA3 SA2 SA1 SA0 W SACK  X  X C5 C4 C3 C2 C1 C0 SACK D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 SACK  STOP

Data In:
Byte #1                                    Byte #2                                    Byte #3

START  SA6 SA5 SA4 SA3 SA2 SA1 SA0 W SACK  X  X  C5 C4 C3 C2 C1 C0 SACK  Repeat Start SA6 SA5 SA4 SA3 SA2 SA1 SA0 R SACK

Byte #4                                   Byte #5
MSB                                       LSB
D15 D14  D13  D12  D11  D10  D9 D8 MACK   D7 D6 D5 D4 D3  D2  D1  D0  MNACK  STOP

START       : I2C Start
Repeat Start: I2c Repeat Start
STOP        : I2C Stop 
SAx         : I2C Address
SACK        : I2C Slave Generated Acknowledge (Active Low)
MACK        : I2C Master Generated Acknowledge (Active Low)
MNACK       : I2c Master Generated Not Acknowledge
W           : I2C Write (0)
R           : I2C Read  (1)
Cx          : Command Code
Dx          : Data Bits
X           : Don't care



Example Code:

Read power, current, voltage, charge and energy.

    CTRLA = LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_V_C_3|LTC2946_SENSE_PLUS|LTC2946_OFFSET_CAL_EVERY|LTC2946_ADIN_GND;  //! Set Control A register to default value in continuous mode
	ack |= LTC2946_write(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_CTRLA_REG, CTRLA);   //! Sets the LTC2946 to continuous mode

    resistor = .02; // Resistor Value On Demo Board

    ack |= LTC2946_read_24_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_POWER_MSB2_REG, &power_code);  // Reads the ADC registers that contains V^2
    power = LTC2946_code_to_power(power_code, resistor, LTC2946_Power_lsb); // Calculates power from power code, resistor value and power lsb

    ack |= LTC2946_read_12_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_REG, &current_code); // Reads the voltage code across sense resistor
    current = LTC2946_code_to_current(current_code, resistor, LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb); // Calculates current from current code, resistor value and current lsb

    ack |= LTC2946_read_12_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_VIN_MSB_REG, &VIN_code);   // Reads VIN voltage code
    VIN = LTC2946_VIN_code_to_voltage(VIN_code, LTC2946_VIN_lsb);  // Calculates VIN voltage from VIN code and lsb
	
    ack |= LTC2946_read_32_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_ENERGY_MSB3_REG, &energy_code);	// Reads energy code
	energy = LTC2946_code_to_energy(energy_code,resistor,LTC2946_Power_lsb, LTC2946_INTERNAL_TIME_lsb); //Calculates Energy in Joules from energy_code, resistor, power lsb and time lsb
	
	ack |= LTC2946_read_32_bits(LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS, LTC2946_CHARGE_MSB3_REG, &charge_code);	// Reads charge code
    charge = LTC2946_code_to_coulombs(charge_code,resistor,LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb, LTC2946_INTERNAL_TIME_lsb);	//Calculates charge in coulombs from charge_code, resistor, current lsb and time lsb



@endverbatim

http://www.linear.com/product/LTC2946

http://www.linear.com/product/ltc2946#demoboards

REVISION HISTORY
$Revision: 2348 $
$Date: 2014-04-14 13:46:45 -0700 (Mon, 14 Apr 2014) $

Copyright (c) 2013, Linear Technology Corp.(LTC)
All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this
   list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
   this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
   and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND
ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR
ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
(INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

The views and conclusions contained in the software and documentation are those
of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing official policies,
either expressed or implied, of Linear Technology Corp.

The Linear Technology Linduino is not affiliated with the official Arduino team.
However, the Linduino is only possible because of the Arduino team's commitment
to the open-source community.  Please, visit http://www.arduino.cc and
http://store.arduino.cc , and consider a purchase that will help fund their
ongoing work.
*/

/*! @file
    @ingroup LTC2946
    Header for LTC2946: 12-Bit Wide Range Power, Charge and Energy Monitor
*/

#ifndef LTC2946_H
#define LTC2946_H

#include <Wire.h>

//! Use table to select address
/*!
| LTC2946 I2C Address Assignment    | Value |   AD1    |   AD2    |
| :-------------------------------- | :---: | :------: | :------: |
| LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS               | 0x67  |   High   |   Low    |
| LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS               | 0x68  |   Float  |   High   |
| LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS               | 0x69  |   High   |   High   |
| LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS               | 0x6A  | 	Float  |   Float  |
| LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS               | 0x6B  | 	Float  |   Low    |
| LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS               | 0x6C  | 	Low    |   High   |
| LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS               | 0x6D  | 	High   |   Float  |
| LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS               | 0x6E  | 	Low    |   Float  |
| LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS               | 0x6F  | 	Low    |   Low    |
|                                   |       |          |          |
| LTC2946_I2C_MASS_WRITE            | 0xCC  | X        | X        |
| LTC2946_I2C_ALERT_RESPONSE        | 0x19  | X        | X        |
*/
/*! @name LTC2946 I2C Address Assignments
@{ */

// Address Choices:
// To choose an address, comment out all options except the
// configuration on the demo board.

//  Address assignment
// LTC2946 I2C Address                 //  AD1       AD0
// #define LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS 0x67    //  High      Low
// #define LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS 0x68    //  Float     High
// #define LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS 0x69    //  High      High
// #define LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS 0x6A    //  Float     Float
// #define LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS 0x6B    //  Float     Low
// #define LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS 0x6C    //  Low       High
// #define LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS 0x6D    //  High      Float
// #define LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS 0x6E    //  Low       Float
#define LTC2946_I2C_ADDRESS 0x6F       //  Low       Low

#define LTC2946_I2C_MASS_WRITE      0xCC
#define LTC2946_I2C_ALERT_RESPONSE  0x19
//! @}


/*!
| Name                                              | Value |
| :------------------------------------------------ | :---: |
| LTC2946_CTRLA_REG                                 | 0x00  |
| LTC2946_CTRLB_REG                                 | 0x01  |
| LTC2946_ALERT1_REG                                | 0x02  |
| LTC2946_STATUS1_REG                               | 0x03  |
| LTC2946_FAULT1_REG                                | 0x04  |
| LTC2946_POWER_MSB2_REG                            | 0x05  |
| LTC2946_POWER_MSB1_REG                            | 0x06  |
| LTC2946_POWER_LSB_REG                             | 0x07  |
| LTC2946_MAX_POWER_MSB2_REG                        | 0x08  |
| LTC2946_MAX_POWER_MSB1_REG                        | 0x09  |
| LTC2946_MAX_POWER_LSB_REG                         | 0x0A  |
| LTC2946_MIN_POWER_MSB2_REG                        | 0x0B  |
| LTC2946_MIN_POWER_MSB1_REG                        | 0x0C  |
| LTC2946_MIN_POWER_LSB_REG                         | 0x0D  |
| LTC2946_MAX_POWER_THRESHOLD_MSB2_REG              | 0x0E  |
| LTC2946_MAX_POWER_THRESHOLD_MSB1_REG              | 0x0F  |
| LTC2946_MAX_POWER_THRESHOLD_LSB_REG               | 0x10  |
| LTC2946_MIN_POWER_THRESHOLD_MSB2_REG              | 0x11  |
| LTC2946_MIN_POWER_THRESHOLD_MSB1_REG              | 0x12  |
| LTC2946_MIN_POWER_THRESHOLD_LSB_REG               | 0x13  |
| LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_REG                       | 0x14  |
| LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_LSB_REG                       | 0x15  |
| LTC2946_MAX_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_REG                   | 0x16  |
| LTC2946_MAX_DELTA_SENSE_LSB_REG                   | 0x17  |
| LTC2946_MIN_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_REG                   | 0x18  |
| LTC2946_MIN_DELTA_SENSE_LSB_REG                   | 0x19  |
| LTC2946_MAX_DELTA_SENSE_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG         | 0x1A  |
| LTC2946_MAX_DELTA_SENSE_THRESHOLD_LSB_REG         | 0x1B  |
| LTC2946_MIN_DELTA_SENSE_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG         | 0x1C  |
| LTC2946_MIN_DELTA_SENSE_THRESHOLD_LSB_REG         | 0x1D  |
| LTC2946_VIN_MSB_REG                               | 0x1E  |
| LTC2946_VIN_LSB_REG                               | 0x1F  |
| LTC2946_MAX_VIN_MSB_REG                           | 0x20  |
| LTC2946_MAX_VIN_LSB_REG                           | 0x21  |
| LTC2946_MIN_VIN_MSB_REG                           | 0x22  |
| LTC2946_MIN_VIN_LSB_REG                           | 0x23  |
| LTC2946_MAX_VIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG                 | 0x24  |
| LTC2946_MAX_VIN_THRESHOLD_LSB_REG                 | 0x25  |
| LTC2946_MIN_VIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG                 | 0x26  |
| LTC2946_MIN_VIN_THRESHOLD_LSB_REG                 | 0x27  |
| LTC2946_ADIN_MSB_REG                              | 0x28  |
| LTC2946_ADIN_LSB_REG_REG                          | 0x29  |
| LTC2946_MAX_ADIN_MSB_REG                          | 0x2A  |
| LTC2946_MAX_ADIN_LSB_REG                          | 0x2B  |
| LTC2946_MIN_ADIN_MSB_REG                          | 0x2C  |
| LTC2946_MIN_ADIN_LSB_REG                          | 0x2D  |
| LTC2946_MAX_ADIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG                | 0x2E  |
| LTC2946_MAX_ADIN_THRESHOLD_LSB_REG                | 0x2F  |
| LTC2946_MIN_ADIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG                | 0x30  |
| LTC2946_MIN_ADIN_THRESHOLD_LSB_REG                | 0x31  |
| LTC2946_ALERT2_REG                                | 0x32  |
| LTC2946_GPIO_CFG_REG                              | 0x33  |
| LTC2946_TIME_COUNTER_MSB3_REG                     | 0x34  |
| LTC2946_TIME_COUNTER_MSB2_REG                     | 0x35  |
| LTC2946_TIME_COUNTER_MSB1_REG                     | 0x36  |
| LTC2946_TIME_COUNTER_LSB_REG                      | 0x37  |
| LTC2946_CHARGE_MSB3_REG                           | 0x38  |
| LTC2946_CHARGE_MSB2_REG                           | 0x39  |
| LTC2946_CHARGE_MSB1_REG                           | 0x3A  |
| LTC2946_CHARGE_LSB_REG                            | 0x3B  |
| LTC2946_ENERGY_MSB3_REG                           | 0x3C  |
| LTC2946_ENERGY_MSB2_REG                           | 0x3D  |
| LTC2946_ENERGY_MSB1_REG                           | 0x3E  |
| LTC2946_ENERGY_LSB_REG                            | 0x3F  |
| LTC2946_STATUS2_REG                               | 0x40  |
| LTC2946_FAULT2_REG                                | 0x41  |
| LTC2946_GPIO3_CTRL_REG                            | 0x42  |
| LTC2946_CLK_DIV_REG                               | 0x43  |
*/



/*! @name Registers
@{ */
// Registers

#define LTC2946_CTRLA_REG                           0x00
#define LTC2946_CTRLB_REG                           0x01
#define LTC2946_ALERT1_REG                          0x02
#define LTC2946_STATUS1_REG                         0x03
#define LTC2946_FAULT1_REG                          0x04

#define LTC2946_POWER_MSB2_REG                      0x05
#define LTC2946_POWER_MSB1_REG                      0x06
#define LTC2946_POWER_LSB_REG                       0x07
#define LTC2946_MAX_POWER_MSB2_REG                  0x08
#define LTC2946_MAX_POWER_MSB1_REG                  0x09
#define LTC2946_MAX_POWER_LSB_REG                   0x0A
#define LTC2946_MIN_POWER_MSB2_REG                  0x0B
#define LTC2946_MIN_POWER_MSB1_REG                  0x0C
#define LTC2946_MIN_POWER_LSB_REG                   0x0D
#define LTC2946_MAX_POWER_THRESHOLD_MSB2_REG        0x0E
#define LTC2946_MAX_POWER_THRESHOLD_MSB1_REG        0x0F
#define LTC2946_MAX_POWER_THRESHOLD_LSB_REG         0x10
#define LTC2946_MIN_POWER_THRESHOLD_MSB2_REG        0x11
#define LTC2946_MIN_POWER_THRESHOLD_MSB1_REG        0x12
#define LTC2946_MIN_POWER_THRESHOLD_LSB_REG         0x13

#define LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_REG                 0x14
#define LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_LSB_REG                 0x15
#define LTC2946_MAX_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_REG             0x16
#define LTC2946_MAX_DELTA_SENSE_LSB_REG             0x17
#define LTC2946_MIN_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_REG             0x18
#define LTC2946_MIN_DELTA_SENSE_LSB_REG             0x19
#define LTC2946_MAX_DELTA_SENSE_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG   0x1A
#define LTC2946_MAX_DELTA_SENSE_THRESHOLD_LSB_REG   0x1B
#define LTC2946_MIN_DELTA_SENSE_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG   0x1C
#define LTC2946_MIN_DELTA_SENSE_THRESHOLD_LSB_REG   0x1D

#define LTC2946_VIN_MSB_REG                         0x1E
#define LTC2946_VIN_LSB_REG                         0x1F
#define LTC2946_MAX_VIN_MSB_REG                     0x20
#define LTC2946_MAX_VIN_LSB_REG                     0x21
#define LTC2946_MIN_VIN_MSB_REG                     0x22
#define LTC2946_MIN_VIN_LSB_REG                     0x23
#define LTC2946_MAX_VIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG           0x24
#define LTC2946_MAX_VIN_THRESHOLD_LSB_REG           0x25
#define LTC2946_MIN_VIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG           0x26
#define LTC2946_MIN_VIN_THRESHOLD_LSB_REG           0x27

#define LTC2946_ADIN_MSB_REG                        0x28
#define LTC2946_ADIN_LSB_REG_REG                    0x29
#define LTC2946_MAX_ADIN_MSB_REG                    0x2A
#define LTC2946_MAX_ADIN_LSB_REG                    0x2B
#define LTC2946_MIN_ADIN_MSB_REG                    0x2C
#define LTC2946_MIN_ADIN_LSB_REG                    0x2D
#define LTC2946_MAX_ADIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG          0x2E
#define LTC2946_MAX_ADIN_THRESHOLD_LSB_REG          0x2F
#define LTC2946_MIN_ADIN_THRESHOLD_MSB_REG          0x30
#define LTC2946_MIN_ADIN_THRESHOLD_LSB_REG          0x31

#define LTC2946_ALERT2_REG                          0x32
#define LTC2946_GPIO_CFG_REG                        0x33

#define LTC2946_TIME_COUNTER_MSB3_REG               0x34
#define LTC2946_TIME_COUNTER_MSB2_REG               0x35
#define LTC2946_TIME_COUNTER_MSB1_REG               0x36
#define LTC2946_TIME_COUNTER_LSB_REG                0x37

#define LTC2946_CHARGE_MSB3_REG                     0x38
#define LTC2946_CHARGE_MSB2_REG                     0x39
#define LTC2946_CHARGE_MSB1_REG                     0x3A
#define LTC2946_CHARGE_LSB_REG                      0x3B

#define LTC2946_ENERGY_MSB3_REG                     0x3C
#define LTC2946_ENERGY_MSB2_REG                     0x3D
#define LTC2946_ENERGY_MSB1_REG                     0x3E
#define LTC2946_ENERGY_LSB_REG                      0x3F

#define LTC2946_STATUS2_REG                         0x40
#define LTC2946_FAULT2_REG                          0x41
#define LTC2946_GPIO3_CTRL_REG                      0x42
#define LTC2946_CLK_DIV_REG                         0x43

//! @}

/*!
| Voltage Selection Command            | Value |
| :------------------------------------| :---: |
| LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE                  | 0x00  |
| LTC2946_VDD                          | 0x08  |
| LTC2946_ADIN                         | 0x10  |
| LTC2946_SENSE_PLUS                   | 0x18  |
*/

/*! @name Voltage Selection Command
@{ */
// Voltage Selection Command
#define LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE            0x00
#define LTC2946_VDD                    0x08
#define LTC2946_ADIN                   0x10
#define LTC2946_SENSE_PLUS             0x18
//! @}

/*!
| Command Codes                                 | Value     |
| :-------------------------------------------- | :-------: |
| LTC2946_ADIN_INTVCC                     		|	0x80	|
| LTC2946_ADIN_GND         		                |	0x00	|
| LTC2946_OFFSET_CAL_LAST			            |   0x60	|
| LTC2946_OFFSET_CAL_128    	                | 	0x40	|
| LTC2946_OFFSET_CAL_16                   		|	0x20	|
| LTC2946_OFFSET_CAL_EVERY                		|	0x00	|
| LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_SNAPSHOT         		|	0x07	|
| LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_V_C              		|	0x06	|
| LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_A_V_C_1          		|	0x05	|
| LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_A_V_C_2          		|	0x04  	|
| LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_A_V_C_3          		|	0x03  	|
| LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_V_C_1          		|	0x02 	|
| LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_V_C_2          		|	0x01 	|
| LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_V_C_3          		|	0x00 	|
| LTC2946_ENABLE_ALERT_CLEAR             		|	0x80	|
| LTC2946_ENABLE_SHUTDOWN                		|	0x40    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_CLEARED_ON_READ         		|	0x20    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_STUCK_BUS_RECOVER       		|	0x10    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_ALERT_CLEAR            		|	0x7F    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_SHUTDOWN               		|	0xBF    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_CLEARED_ON_READ        		|	0xDF    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_STUCK_BUS_RECOVER      		|	0xEF    |          
| LTC2946_ACC_PIN_CONTROL                		|	0x08    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_ACC                    		|	0x04    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_ACC                     		|	0x00    |
| LTC2946_RESET_ALL                      		|	0x03    |
| LTC2946_RESET_ACC                      		|	0x02    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_AUTO_RESET              		|	0x01    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_AUTO_RESET             		|	0x00    |
| LTC2946_MAX_POWER_MSB2_RESET           		|	0x00    |
| LTC2946_MIN_POWER_MSB2_RESET           		|	0xFF    |
| LTC2946_MAX_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_RESET      		|	0x00    |
| LTC2946_MIN_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_RESET      		|	0xFF    |
| LTC2946_MAX_VIN_MSB_RESET              		|	0x00    |
| LTC2946_MIN_VIN_MSB_RESET              		|	0xFF    |
| LTC2946_MAX_ADIN_MSB_RESET             		|	0x00    |
| LTC2946_MIN_ADIN_MSB_RESET             		|	0xFF    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_MAX_POWER_ALERT         		|	0x80    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_MIN_POWER_ALERT         		|	0x40    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_MAX_POWER_ALERT        		|	0x7F    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_MIN_POWER_ALERT        		|	0xBF    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_MAX_I_SENSE_ALERT       		|	0x20    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_MIN_I_SENSE_ALERT       		|	0x10    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_MAX_I_SENSE_ALERT      		|	0xDF    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_MIN_I_SENSE_ALERT      		|	0xEF    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_MAX_VIN_ALERT           		|	0x08    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_MIN_VIN_ALERT           		|	0x04    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_MAX_VIN_ALERT          		|	0xF7    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_MIN_VIN_ALERT          		|	0xFB    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_MAX_ADIN_ALERT          		|	0x02    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_MIN_ADIN_ALERT          		|	0x01    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_MAX_ADIN_ALERT         		|	0xFD    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_MIN_ADIN_ALERT         		|	0xFE    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_ADC_DONE_ALERT          		|	0x80    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_ADC_DONE_ALERT         		|	0x7F    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_GPIO_1_ALERT            		|	0x40    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_GPIO_1_ALERT           		|	0xBF    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_GPIO_2_ALERT            		|	0x20    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_GPIO_2_ALERT           		|	0xDF    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_STUCK_BUS_WAKE_ALERT    		|	0x08    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_STUCK_BUS_WAKE_ALERT   		|	0xF7    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_ENERGY_OVERFLOW_ALERT   		|	0x04    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_ENERGY_OVERFLOW_ALERT  		|	0xFB    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_CHARGE_OVERFLOW_ALERT   		|	0x02    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_CHARGE_OVERFLOW_ALERT  		|	0xFD    |
| LTC2946_ENABLE_COUNTER_OVERFLOW_ALERT  		|	0x01    |
| LTC2946_DISABLE_COUNTER_OVERFLOW_ALERT 		|	0xFE    |
| LTC2946_GPIO1_IN_ACTIVE_HIGH           		|	0xC0    |
| LTC2946_GPIO1_IN_ACTIVE_LOW            		|	0x80    |
| LTC2946_GPIO1_OUT_HIGH_Z               		|	0x40    |
| LTC2946_GPIO1_OUT_LOW                  		|	0x00    |
| LTC2946_GPIO2_IN_ACTIVE_HIGH           		|	0x30    |
| LTC2946_GPIO2_IN_ACTIVE_LOW            		|	0x20    |
| LTC2946_GPIO2_OUT_HIGH_Z               		|	0x10    |
| LTC2946_GPIO2_OUT_LOW                  		|	0x12    |
| LTC2946_GPIO2_IN_ACC                   		|	0x00    |
| LTC2946_GPIO3_IN_ACTIVE_HIGH           		|	0x18    |
| LTC2946_GPIO3_IN_ACTIVE_LOW            		|	0x10    |
| LTC2946_GPIO3_OUT_REG_42               		|	0x04    |
| LTC2946_GPIO3_OUT_ALERT                		|	0x00    |
| LTC2946_GPIO3_OUT_LOW                  		|	0x40    |
| LTC2946_GPIO3_OUT_HIGH_Z               		|	0x00    |
| LTC2946_GPIO_ALERT_CLEAR               		|	0x00    |
*/
/*! @name Command Codes
@{ */
// Command Codes

#define LTC2946_ADIN_INTVCC                     0x80
#define LTC2946_ADIN_GND                        0x00

#define LTC2946_OFFSET_CAL_LAST                 0x60
#define LTC2946_OFFSET_CAL_128                  0x40
#define LTC2946_OFFSET_CAL_16                   0x20
#define LTC2946_OFFSET_CAL_EVERY                0x00

#define LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_SNAPSHOT         0x07
#define LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_V_C              0x06
#define LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_A_V_C_1          0x05  
#define LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_A_V_C_2          0x04  
#define LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_A_V_C_3          0x03  
#define LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_V_C_1            0x02  
#define LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_V_C_2            0x01  
#define LTC2946_CHANNEL_CONFIG_V_C_3            0x00  


#define LTC2946_ENABLE_ALERT_CLEAR              0x80
#define LTC2946_ENABLE_SHUTDOWN                 0x40
#define LTC2946_ENABLE_CLEARED_ON_READ          0x20   
#define LTC2946_ENABLE_STUCK_BUS_RECOVER        0x10

#define LTC2946_DISABLE_ALERT_CLEAR             0x7F
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_SHUTDOWN                0xBF
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_CLEARED_ON_READ         0xDF
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_STUCK_BUS_RECOVER       0xEF              

#define LTC2946_ACC_PIN_CONTROL                 0x08
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_ACC                     0x04
#define LTC2946_ENABLE_ACC                      0x00

#define LTC2946_RESET_ALL                       0x03
#define LTC2946_RESET_ACC                       0x02
#define LTC2946_ENABLE_AUTO_RESET               0x01
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_AUTO_RESET              0x00


#define LTC2946_MAX_POWER_MSB2_RESET            0x00
#define LTC2946_MIN_POWER_MSB2_RESET            0xFF
#define LTC2946_MAX_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_RESET       0x00
#define LTC2946_MIN_DELTA_SENSE_MSB_RESET       0xFF
#define LTC2946_MAX_VIN_MSB_RESET               0x00
#define LTC2946_MIN_VIN_MSB_RESET               0xFF
#define LTC2946_MAX_ADIN_MSB_RESET              0x00
#define LTC2946_MIN_ADIN_MSB_RESET              0xFF

#define LTC2946_ENABLE_MAX_POWER_ALERT          0x80
#define LTC2946_ENABLE_MIN_POWER_ALERT          0x40
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_MAX_POWER_ALERT         0x7F
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_MIN_POWER_ALERT         0xBF

#define LTC2946_ENABLE_MAX_I_SENSE_ALERT        0x20
#define LTC2946_ENABLE_MIN_I_SENSE_ALERT        0x10
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_MAX_I_SENSE_ALERT       0xDF
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_MIN_I_SENSE_ALERT       0xEF

#define LTC2946_ENABLE_MAX_VIN_ALERT            0x08
#define LTC2946_ENABLE_MIN_VIN_ALERT            0x04
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_MAX_VIN_ALERT           0xF7
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_MIN_VIN_ALERT           0xFB

#define LTC2946_ENABLE_MAX_ADIN_ALERT           0x02
#define LTC2946_ENABLE_MIN_ADIN_ALERT           0x01
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_MAX_ADIN_ALERT          0xFD
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_MIN_ADIN_ALERT          0xFE

#define LTC2946_ENABLE_ADC_DONE_ALERT           0x80
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_ADC_DONE_ALERT          0x7F

#define LTC2946_ENABLE_GPIO_1_ALERT             0x40
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_GPIO_1_ALERT            0xBF

#define LTC2946_ENABLE_GPIO_2_ALERT             0x20
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_GPIO_2_ALERT            0xDF

#define LTC2946_ENABLE_STUCK_BUS_WAKE_ALERT     0x08
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_STUCK_BUS_WAKE_ALERT    0xF7

#define LTC2946_ENABLE_ENERGY_OVERFLOW_ALERT    0x04
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_ENERGY_OVERFLOW_ALERT   0xFB

#define LTC2946_ENABLE_CHARGE_OVERFLOW_ALERT    0x02
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_CHARGE_OVERFLOW_ALERT   0xFD

#define LTC2946_ENABLE_COUNTER_OVERFLOW_ALERT   0x01
#define LTC2946_DISABLE_COUNTER_OVERFLOW_ALERT  0xFE

#define LTC2946_GPIO1_IN_ACTIVE_HIGH            0xC0
#define LTC2946_GPIO1_IN_ACTIVE_LOW             0x80
#define LTC2946_GPIO1_OUT_HIGH_Z                0x40
#define LTC2946_GPIO1_OUT_LOW                   0x00

#define LTC2946_GPIO2_IN_ACTIVE_HIGH            0x30
#define LTC2946_GPIO2_IN_ACTIVE_LOW             0x20
#define LTC2946_GPIO2_OUT_HIGH_Z                0x10
#define LTC2946_GPIO2_OUT_LOW                   0x12
#define LTC2946_GPIO2_IN_ACC                    0x00


#define LTC2946_GPIO3_IN_ACTIVE_HIGH            0x0C
#define LTC2946_GPIO3_IN_ACTIVE_LOW             0x08
#define LTC2946_GPIO3_OUT_REG_42                0x04
#define LTC2946_GPIO3_OUT_ALERT                 0x00
#define LTC2946_GPIO3_OUT_LOW                   0x40
#define LTC2946_GPIO3_OUT_HIGH_Z                0x00
#define LTC2946_GPIO_ALERT_CLEAR                0x00
//! @}


/*!
| Register Mask Command                | Value |
| :------------------------------------| :---: |
| LTC2946_CTRLA_ADIN_MASK              |  0x7F |
| LTC2946_CTRLA_OFFSET_MASK            |  0x9F |
| LTC2946_CTRLA_VOLTAGE_SEL_MASK       |  0xE7 |
| LTC2946_CTRLA_CHANNEL_CONFIG_MASK    |  0xF8 |
| LTC2946_CTRLB_ACC_MASK               |  0xF3 |
| LTC2946_CTRLB_RESET_MASK             |  0xFC |
| LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO1_MASK           |  0x3F |
| LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO2_MASK           |  0xCF |
| LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO3_MASK           |  0xF3 |
| LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO2_OUT_MASK       |  0xFD |
| LTC2946_GPIO3_CTRL_GPIO3_MASK        |  0xBF |

*/

/*! @name Register Mask Command
@{ */
// Register Mask Command
#define LTC2946_CTRLA_ADIN_MASK                0x7F
#define LTC2946_CTRLA_OFFSET_MASK              0x9F  
#define LTC2946_CTRLA_VOLTAGE_SEL_MASK         0xE7  
#define LTC2946_CTRLA_CHANNEL_CONFIG_MASK      0xF8  
#define LTC2946_CTRLB_ACC_MASK                 0xF3  
#define LTC2946_CTRLB_RESET_MASK               0xFC  
#define LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO1_MASK             0x3F  
#define LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO2_MASK             0xCF  
#define LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO3_MASK             0xF3
#define LTC2946_GPIOCFG_GPIO2_OUT_MASK         0xFD
#define LTC2946_GPIO3_CTRL_GPIO3_MASK          0xBF
//! @}


//! Write an 8-bit code to the LTC2946.
//! @return The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
int8_t LTC2946_write(uint8_t i2c_address, //!< Register address for the LTC2946
                     uint8_t adc_command, //!< The "command byte" for the LTC2946
                     uint8_t code         //!< Value that will be written to the register.
                    );
//! Write a 16-bit code to the LTC2946.
//! @return The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
int8_t LTC2946_write_16_bits(uint8_t i2c_address, //!< Register address for the LTC2946
                             uint8_t adc_command, //!< The "command byte" for the LTC2946
                             uint16_t code        //!< Value that will be written to the register.
                            );

//! Write a 24-bit code to the LTC2946.
//! @return The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
int8_t LTC2946_write_24_bits(uint8_t i2c_address, //!< Register address for the LTC2946
                             uint8_t adc_command, //!< The "command byte" for the LTC2946
                             uint32_t code         //!< Value that will be written to the register.
                            );
//! Write a 32-bit code to the LTC2946.
//! @return The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
int8_t LTC2946_write_32_bits(uint8_t i2c_address, //!< Register address for the LTC2946
                             uint8_t adc_command, //!< The "command byte" for the LTC2946
                             uint32_t code         //!< Value that will be written to the register.
                            );							
							
//! Reads an 8-bit adc_code from LTC2946
//! @return The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
int8_t LTC2946_read(uint8_t i2c_address, //!< Register address for the LTC2946
                    uint8_t adc_command, //!< The "command byte" for the LTC2946
                    uint8_t *adc_code    //!< Value that will be read from the register.
                   );
//! Reads a 12-bit adc_code from LTC2946
//! @return The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
int8_t LTC2946_read_12_bits(uint8_t i2c_address, //!< Register address for the LTC2946
                            uint8_t adc_command, //!< The "command byte" for the LTC2946
                            uint16_t *adc_code   //!< Value that will be read from the register.
                           );
//! Reads a 16-bit adc_code from LTC2946
//! @return The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
int8_t LTC2946_read_16_bits(uint8_t i2c_address, //!< Register address for the LTC2946
                            uint8_t adc_command, //!< The "command byte" for the LTC2946
                            uint16_t *adc_code   //!< Value that will be read from the register.
                           );
//! Reads a 24-bit adc_code from LTC2946
//! @return The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
int8_t LTC2946_read_24_bits(uint8_t i2c_address, //!< Register address for the LTC2946
                            uint8_t adc_command, //!< The "command byte" for the LTC2946
                            uint32_t *adc_code    //!< Value that will be read from the register.
                           );
//! Reads a 32-bit adc_code from LTC2946
//! @return The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
int8_t LTC2946_read_32_bits(uint8_t i2c_address, //!< Register address for the LTC2946
                            uint8_t adc_command, //!< The "command byte" for the LTC2946
                            uint32_t *adc_code    //!< Value that will be read from the register.
                           );						   
						   					   
//! Calculate the LTC2946 VIN voltage
//! @return Returns the VIN Voltage in Volts
float LTC2946_VIN_code_to_voltage(uint16_t adc_code,        //!< The ADC value
                                  float LTC2946_VIN_lsb     //!< VIN lsb weight
                                 );
//! Calculate the LTC2946 ADIN voltage
//! @return Returns the ADIN Voltage in Volts
float LTC2946_ADIN_code_to_voltage(uint16_t adc_code,       //!< The ADC value
                                   float LTC2946_ADIN_lsb   //!< ADIN lsb weight
                                  );
//! Calculate the LTC2946 current with a sense resistor
//! @return The LTC2946 current in Amps
float LTC2946_code_to_current(uint16_t adc_code,                //!< The ADC value
                              float resistor,                   //!< The resistor value
                              float LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb     //!< Delta sense lsb weight
                             );
//! Calculate the LTC2946 power
//! @return The LTC2946 power in Watts
float LTC2946_code_to_power(int32_t adc_code,           //!< The ADC value
							float resistor,				//!< The resistor value
                            float LTC2946_Power_lsb);     //!< Power lsb weight
						
//! Calculate the LTC2946 energy
//! @return The LTC2946 energy in Joules
float LTC2946_code_to_energy(int32_t adc_code,                      //!< The ADC value
								 float resistor,					//!< The resistor value
                                 float LTC2946_Power_lsb, 		    //!< Power lsb weight
                                 float LTC2946_TIME_lsb             //!< Time lsb weight                
                                );
		
//! Calculate the LTC2946 coulombs
//! @return The LTC2946 charge in coulombs
float LTC2946_code_to_coulombs(int32_t adc_code,                      //!< The ADC value
                                 float resistor,                      //!< The resistor value
                                 float LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb,       //!< Delta sense lsb weight
                                 float LTC2946_Time_lsb              //!< Time lsb weight
                                );	
//! Calculate the LTC2946 internal time base
//! @return The internal time base in seconds.
float LTC2946_code_to_time(float time_code,							//!< Time adc code
                           float LTC2946_Time_lsb					//!< Time lsb weight
                                 );
			

#endif  // LTC2946_H

Download LTC2946 Linduino.CPP

/*!
LTC2946: 12-Bit Wide Range Power, Charge and Energy Monitor

@verbatim

The LTC®2946 is a rail-to-rail system monitor that measures
current, voltage, power, charge and energy. It features an
operating range of 2.7V to 100V and includes a shunt regulator
for supplies above 100V. The current measurement common mode
range of 0V to 100V is independent of the input supply. 
A 12-bit ADC measures load current, input voltage and an 
auxiliary external voltage. Load current and internally 
calculated power are integrated over an external clock or
crystal or internal oscillator time base for charge and energy.
An accurate time base allows the LTC2946 to provide measurement
accuracy of better than ±0.6% for charge and ±1% for power and
energy. Minimum and maximum values are stored and an overrange
alert with programmable thresholds minimizes the need for software
polling. Data is reported via a standard I2C interface.
Shutdown mode reduces power consumption to 15uA. 

@endverbatim

http://www.linear.com/product/LTC2946

http://www.linear.com/product/ltc2946#demoboards

REVISION HISTORY
$Revision: 2041 $
$Date: 2013-10-15 16:22:28 -0700 (Tue, 15 Oct 2013) $

Copyright (c) 2013, Linear Technology Corp.(LTC)
All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this
   list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
   this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
   and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND
ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR
ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
(INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

The views and conclusions contained in the software and documentation are those
of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing official policies,
either expressed or implied, of Linear Technology Corp.

The Linear Technology Linduino is not affiliated with the official Arduino team.
However, the Linduino is only possible because of the Arduino team's commitment
to the open-source community.  Please, visit http://www.arduino.cc and
http://store.arduino.cc , and consider a purchase that will help fund their
ongoing work.
*/

//! @defgroup LTC2946 LTC2946: 12-Bit Wide Range Power, Charge and Energy Monitor

/*! @file
   @ingroup LTC2946
   Library for LTC2946 12-Bit Wide Range Power, Charge and Energy Monitor
*/

#include <Arduino.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include "Linduino.h"
#include "LT_I2C.h"
#include "LTC2946.h"
#include <Wire.h>

// Write an 8-bit code to the LTC2946.
int8_t LTC2946_write(uint8_t i2c_address, uint8_t adc_command, uint8_t code)
// The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
{
  int32_t ack;
  
  ack = i2c_write_byte_data(i2c_address, adc_command, code);
  
  return ack;
 
}

// Write a 16-bit code to the LTC2946.
int8_t LTC2946_write_16_bits(uint8_t i2c_address, uint8_t adc_command, uint16_t code)
// The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
{
  int8_t ack;
  
  ack = i2c_write_word_data(i2c_address, adc_command, code);
  return(ack);
}

// Write a 24-bit code to the LTC2946.
int8_t LTC2946_write_24_bits(uint8_t i2c_address, uint8_t adc_command, uint32_t code)
// The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
{
  int8_t ack;

  LT_union_int32_4bytes data;
  data.LT_int32 = code;
    
  ack = i2c_write_block_data(i2c_address, adc_command, (uint8_t) 3, data.LT_byte);

  return(ack);
}

int8_t LTC2946_write_32_bits(uint8_t i2c_address, uint8_t adc_command, uint32_t code)
// The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
{
  int8_t ack;

  LT_union_int32_4bytes data;
  data.LT_int32 = code;
    
  ack = i2c_write_block_data(i2c_address, adc_command, (uint8_t) 4, data.LT_byte);

  return(ack);
}

// Reads an 8-bit adc_code from LTC2946
int8_t LTC2946_read(uint8_t i2c_address, uint8_t adc_command, uint8_t *adc_code)
// The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
{
  int32_t ack;
  
  ack = i2c_read_byte_data(i2c_address, adc_command, adc_code);
  
  return ack;
}

// Reads a 12-bit adc_code from LTC2946
int8_t LTC2946_read_12_bits(uint8_t i2c_address, uint8_t adc_command, uint16_t *adc_code)
// The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
{
  // Use union type defined in Linduino.h to combine two uint8_t's (8-bit unsigned integers) into one uint16_t (unsigned 16-bit integer)
  // Then, shift by 4 bits and return in *adc_code
  int32_t ack;
  
  ack = i2c_read_word_data(i2c_address, adc_command, adc_code);

  *adc_code >>= 4;
  return ack;
}

// Reads a 16-bit adc_code from LTC2946
int8_t LTC2946_read_16_bits(uint8_t i2c_address, uint8_t adc_command, uint16_t *adc_code)
// The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
{
  int32_t ack;
  
  ack = i2c_read_word_data(i2c_address, adc_command, adc_code);
  
  return ack;
}

// Reads a 24-bit adc_code from LTC2946
int8_t LTC2946_read_24_bits(uint8_t i2c_address, uint8_t adc_command, uint32_t *adc_code)
// The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
{
  int8_t ack;
  
  LT_union_int32_4bytes data;
  
  ack = i2c_read_block_data(i2c_address, adc_command, (uint8_t)3, data.LT_byte);
  
  *adc_code = 0x0FFFFFF & data.LT_int32;
  return(ack);
}

// Reads a 32-bit adc_code from LTC2946
int8_t LTC2946_read_32_bits(uint8_t i2c_address, uint8_t adc_command, uint32_t *adc_code)
// The function returns the state of the acknowledge bit after the I2C address write. 0=acknowledge, 1=no acknowledge.
{
  int8_t ack;
  
  LT_union_int32_4bytes data;
  
  ack = i2c_read_block_data(i2c_address, adc_command, (uint8_t) 4, data.LT_byte);
  
  *adc_code = 0xFFFFFFFF & data.LT_int32;
  return(ack);
}

// Calculate the LTC2946 VIN voltage
float LTC2946_VIN_code_to_voltage(uint16_t adc_code, float LTC2946_VIN_lsb)
// Returns the VIN Voltage in Volts
{
  float voltage;
  voltage = (float)adc_code*LTC2946_VIN_lsb;    //! 1) Calculate voltage from code and lsb
  return(voltage);
}

// Calculate the LTC2946 ADIN voltage
float LTC2946_ADIN_code_to_voltage(uint16_t adc_code, float LTC2946_ADIN_lsb)
// Returns the ADIN Voltage in Volts
{
  float adc_voltage;
  adc_voltage = (float)adc_code*LTC2946_ADIN_lsb;   //! 1) Calculate voltage from code and ADIN lsb
  return(adc_voltage);
}

// Calculate the LTC2946 current with a sense resistor
float LTC2946_code_to_current(uint16_t adc_code, float resistor, float LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb)
// Returns the LTC2946 current in Amps
{
  float voltage, current;
  voltage = (float)adc_code*LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb;    //! 1) Calculate voltage from ADC code and delta sense lsb
  current = voltage/resistor;                           //! 2) Calculate current, I = V/R
  return(current);
}

// Calculate the LTC2946 power
float LTC2946_code_to_power(int32_t adc_code, float resistor, float LTC2946_Power_lsb)
// Returns The LTC2946 power in Watts
{
  float power;
  power = (float)adc_code*LTC2946_Power_lsb/resistor;  //! 1) Calculate Power using Power lsb and resistor
     
  return(power);
}


// Calculate the LTC2946 energy
float LTC2946_code_to_energy(int32_t adc_code,float resistor, float LTC2946_Power_lsb, float LTC2946_TIME_lsb)
// Returns the LTC2946 energy in Joules
{
  float energy_lsb, energy;
  energy_lsb=(float)(LTC2946_Power_lsb/resistor)*65536*LTC2946_TIME_lsb;   //! 1) Calculate Energy lsb from Power lsb and Time lsb
  energy = adc_code*energy_lsb;                               //! 2) Calculate Energy using Energy lsb and adc code 
  return(energy);
}

// Calculate the LTC2946 Coulombs
float LTC2946_code_to_coulombs(int32_t adc_code, float resistor, float LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb, float LTC2946_TIME_lsb)
// Returns the LTC2946 Coulombs
{
  float coulomb_lsb, coulombs;
  coulomb_lsb=(float)(LTC2946_DELTA_SENSE_lsb/resistor)*16*LTC2946_TIME_lsb;   //! 1) Calculate Coulomb lsb Current lsb and Time lsb
  coulombs = adc_code*coulomb_lsb;                                             //! 2) Calculate Coulombs using Coulomb lsb and adc code 
  return(coulombs);
}

//Calculate the LTC2946 Time in Seconds
float LTC2946_code_to_time(float time_code, float LTC2946_TIME_lsb)
{
  float seconds;
  seconds = LTC2946_TIME_lsb * time_code;
  return seconds;
}

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